中国中药杂志

2019, v.44(03) 614-618

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秦巴山区石斛资源的调查发掘与应用——兼论产业扶贫模式
Investigation and application of Dendrobium resources in Qinba Mountains with a discussion on industrial poverty alleviation model

明兴加;张艳;王勇德;王刚;赵纪峰;王昌华;廖光平;瞿显友;
MING Xing-jia;ZHANG Yan;WANG Yong-de;WANG Gang;ZHAO Ji-feng;WANG Chang-hua;LIAO Guang-ping;QU Xian-you;Chongqing Key Laboratory of Traditional Chinese Medicine Resource,Endangered Medicinal Breeding National Engineering Laboratory,Chongqing Academy of Cinsese Materia Medica;Chongqing Sub-center of National Resource,Center for Chinese Materia Medica;Chongqing Luohu Agricultural Development Co.,Ltd.;

摘要(Abstract):

石斛为珍稀濒危药用植物资源,其附生生长特性增加了资源调查发掘的难度。通过文献查考、药工走访和实地调查相结合的方法,对秦巴山区及渝鄂交界地石斛资源(含文化资源)进行了发掘,发现秦巴山区石斛文化底蕴深厚。调查发掘基础上,立足文化资源、植物资源和岩石资源的优势条件,以重庆市万州区罗田镇为试点开展了石斛岩壁贴石生态栽培;结合对口帮扶需求,积极开展了科技扶贫,初步构建"资源调查发掘+科技创业企业入驻+示范基地建立+扶贫带动"的资源调查成果应用与产业扶贫模式。该应用案例可为中药资源普查成果挖掘及转化应用提供参考。
The Dendrobium species are rare and endangered medicinal plants, and it is difficult to investigate their wild resources with conventional methods because of typical epiphytic herbaceous. We explored Dendrobium resources(include culture resource) of Qinba Mountains and the boundary Mountain area in Hubei, Chongqing using the methods of literatures and field investigation, and found that the cultural base of Dendrobium were profound in Qinba Mountains region. Furthermore, its germplasm resources of Dendrobium were established for the first time in Wanzhou Luotian town. In case the advantages of local rock resources and poverty alleviation demand, we have actively carried out the cultivating mode of Dendrobium which grow on rock, and the poverty alleviation model of local characteristic Dendrobium industry were established preliminarily. Our application case can provide reference for the mining and transformation of traditional Chinese medicine resources census results.

关键词(KeyWords): 中药资源普查;中药文化;石斛;生态栽培;精准扶贫
Chinese materia medica resources;traditional Chinese medicine culture;Dencrobium;ecological cultivation;targeted poverty alleviation

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 2013年中医药部门公共卫生专项(财社[2013]135号);; 重庆市重点产业共性关键技术创新专项(cstc2016zdcy-ztzx10003);; 重庆市社会事业与民生保障项目(cstc2017shms-xdny80013);; 万州区科技创新项目(wzstc-022017043)

作者(Author): 明兴加;张艳;王勇德;王刚;赵纪峰;王昌华;廖光平;瞿显友;
MING Xing-jia;ZHANG Yan;WANG Yong-de;WANG Gang;ZHAO Ji-feng;WANG Chang-hua;LIAO Guang-ping;QU Xian-you;Chongqing Key Laboratory of Traditional Chinese Medicine Resource,Endangered Medicinal Breeding National Engineering Laboratory,Chongqing Academy of Cinsese Materia Medica;Chongqing Sub-center of National Resource,Center for Chinese Materia Medica;Chongqing Luohu Agricultural Development Co.,Ltd.;

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