中国中药杂志

2018, v.43(22) 4427-4432

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短柱肖菝葜野生抚育技术研究
Tending of wild Heterosmilax yunnanensis

魏红国;雷振宏;关扎根;王玉龙;李军;吴尚英;肖淑贤;
WEI Hong-guo;LEI Zhen-hong;GUAN Zha-gen;WANG Yu-long;LI Jun;WU Shang-ying;XIAO Shu-xian;Shanxi Zhendong Chinese Geo-authentic Crude Drugs Development Co.,Ltd.;Changzhi Country Agriculture Committee;

摘要(Abstract):

为了解决短柱肖菝葜掠夺式采收,维护其资源可持续利用,开展了短柱肖菝葜野生抚育技术等方面的研究。结果表明,块茎抚育模式比种子及其他抚育模式出苗率高,生育期短,雌雄比例易控;通过疏灌木、搭架、圈枝、病虫害防治等技术措施,缩短了生育期;抚育区产新后,年均纯收入1 086元/亩(1亩≈666.67 m~2),比抚育前高86. 9%。该研究提高了喀斯特地貌区短柱肖菝葜的产量与品质,对其他中药材的野生抚育具有指导意义。
To minimize the predatory harvest of Heterosmilax yunnanensis and maintain the sustainable utilization of its resources,a study on the tending technology of wild H. yunnanensis was carried out. The results showed that the tuber tending model had a higher seed emergence rate,shorter growth period and easier control of male and female ratios than other tending models; by removing shrubs,topping,bending pruning,controlling insects and pests and other effective technical measures,the growth period of H. yunnanensis was shortened; the average annual net income of the tending area was 1 086 yuan/mu(1 mu≈666.67m~2),which was 86. 9% higher than before. This study was conducive to increasing the yield and quality of H. yunnanensis in Karst landform area,and instructive for the tending of other wild traditional Chinese medicinal herbs in this area.

关键词(KeyWords): 短柱肖菝葜;野生抚育;块茎;种子
Heterosmilax yunnanensis;tending of wild herbs;tuberous-root;seed

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家中药标准化项目(ZYBZH-C-JIN-43)

作者(Author): 魏红国;雷振宏;关扎根;王玉龙;李军;吴尚英;肖淑贤;
WEI Hong-guo;LEI Zhen-hong;GUAN Zha-gen;WANG Yu-long;LI Jun;WU Shang-ying;XIAO Shu-xian;Shanxi Zhendong Chinese Geo-authentic Crude Drugs Development Co.,Ltd.;Changzhi Country Agriculture Committee;

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