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2020, v.45(17) 4041-4050

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不同种植时期和垄作模式对蕲艾生长和品质的影响
Effect of planting period and ridge pattern on yield and quality of Artemisia argyi var.argyi ′Qiai′

陈昌婕;马琳;康利平;苗玉焕;陈中文;郭兰萍;刘大会;黄璐琦;
CHEN Chang-jie;MA Lin;KANG Li-ping;MIAO Yu-huan;CHEN Zhong-wen;GUO Lan-ping;LIU Da-hui;HUANG Lu-qi;Pharmacy Faculty, Hubei University of Chinese Medicine;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs, National Rresource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Hubei Huichun Qi Ai Health Industry Development Co., Ltd.;

摘要(Abstract):

该研究针对蕲艾种植时期不明确,传统平作种植模式下植株中、下部枯叶严重,田间产、质量低下等问题,研究了不同种植时期和垄作模式对蕲艾生长、产量和品质的影响。结果表明:年前秋冬季种植有利于蕲艾的生长发育;垄作模式中垄向对蕲艾生长影响较小,与传统宽垄种植模式(垄宽160 cm)相比,采用80,60,40 cm垄宽种植的蕲艾单位面积密度、有效株数、枯叶率下降,单株有效叶片数、侧枝数和单株总产上升,但蕲艾田间总产量降低。蕲艾叶片出绒率随种植时期推后和种植垄宽增加而呈现降低趋势。秋冬季种植和采用80 cm垄宽的垄作方式时,蕲艾叶片中总挥发油、桉油精、樟脑、龙脑含量高;蕲艾艾叶总黄酮及山柰酚、棕矢车菊素、异泽兰黄素的含量则是随着种植时期后移和种植垄宽的增加而逐渐降低。在湖北蕲艾分布区亚热带季风性湿润气候条件下,为获得高质稳产,蕲艾宜在秋冬季采用垄幅宽度60~80 cm的双行垄作生态种植模式。
To solve the problems of the unclear planting period and the traditional flat planting of Artemisia argyi var.argyi ′Qiai′, such as the serious dead leaves in the middle and lower parts of the plant and the low yield and low quality in the field, the effects of different planting period and ridge pattern on yield and quality of A. argyi var.argyi ′Qiai′ were studied. The results showed that the growth and development of A. argyi var.argyi ′Qiai′ was better when planted in autumn and winter, and the ridge directions had little effect on the growth and yield of A. argyi var.argyi ′Qiai′, while the ridge width had a significant effect. Compared the traditional wide ridge planting mode(the width of the ridge is 160 cm) with the ridge width of 80 cm, 60 cm and 40 cm, the results showed that the density per unit area, the number of effective plants, and the rate of dead leaves were decreased, while the number of productive leaves per plant, the number of lateral branches, and the total yield per plant were increased, the total yield was decreased. The output rates of moxa in the leaves of A. argyi var.argyi ′Qiai′ decreased with the planting time postponed and the width of planting ridge increased. The contents of volatile oil, 1,8-oxido-p-menthane, camphor and borneol in A. argyi var.argyi ′Qiai′ reach to the highest when planted in autumn and winter and the ridge width was 80 cm. In addition, the contents of total flavonoids, kaempferol, jeceosidin and eupatilin flavonoids in the leaves of A. argyi var.argyi ′Qiai′ gradually decreased as the planting period postponed and the ridge width increased. The results show that the A. argyi var.argyi ′Qiai′ should be planted in autumn and winter, and the double row ridge planting mode with width of 60-80 cm is more suitable for the cultivation and production of A. argyi var.argyi ′Qiai′ in Qichun County of Hubei Province. This study will provide a theoretical basis and guidance for higher yield and quality in cultivation of A. argyi var.argyi ′Qiai′ in Qichun county.

关键词(KeyWords): 蕲艾;种植时期;垄作模式;生长发育;出绒率;品质;主成分分析
Artemisia argyi var.argyi ′Qiai′;planting period;ridge pattern;growth and development;output rates of moxa;quality;principal component analysis

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家重点研发计划项目(2017FYC1700704);; 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)项目(2015CB554506);; 中央本级重大增减支项目(2060302);; 现代农业产业技术体系建设专项(CARS-21)

作者(Author): 陈昌婕;马琳;康利平;苗玉焕;陈中文;郭兰萍;刘大会;黄璐琦;
CHEN Chang-jie;MA Lin;KANG Li-ping;MIAO Yu-huan;CHEN Zhong-wen;GUO Lan-ping;LIU Da-hui;HUANG Lu-qi;Pharmacy Faculty, Hubei University of Chinese Medicine;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs, National Rresource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Hubei Huichun Qi Ai Health Industry Development Co., Ltd.;

Email:

DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20200623.103

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