中国中药杂志

2015, v.40(04) 602-606

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中药材产地加工的研究现状及展望
Research status and prospect of primary processing of traditional Chinese medicinal materials

陈林伟;秦昆明;朱艳汇;蔡皓;李伟东;蔡宝昌;
CHEN Lin-wei;QIN Kun-ming;ZHU Yan-hui;CAI Hao;LI Wei-dong;CAI Bao-chang;Engineering Center of State Ministry of Education for Standardization of Chinese Medicine Processing,Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine;Key Laboratory of State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine for Standardization of Chinese Medicine Processing;Graduate workstation enterprises in Jiangsu Province,Nanjing Hai chang Chinese Medicine Group Corporation;

摘要(Abstract):

中药材产地加工是药材生产与品质形成的重要环节,不仅起到去除其非药用部位以净制、终止其生理生活状态以利于干燥等目的,同时通过适宜的加工方法,可促使药用部位中药效物质的最大保留、毒性成分的有效降低、化学成分间的相互转化等物理化学变化。因此,基于传统经验形成的药材产地加工方法赋予了中药材性状、规格、品质、药性等诸多内涵,蕴涵着丰富的科学道理。长期的生产实践和经验积累形成了独具特色、内容丰富的加工方法和技术体系,有助于充分合理地开发利用中药材资源。该文主要对中药材产地加工技术进行了系统的整理,总结了中药材产地加工技术在中药现代研究中存在的问题,并展望了发展前景。
The primary processing is important links and closely related to the quality of traditional Chinese medicinal materials,and is not only cleaning of remove the non-officinal parts,drying for termination the physiological status of organisms,but also retaining the most active substances,decreasing the toxic components,and promoting the transformation among chemical ingredients through primary processing. So the traditional primary processing endows with characters,quality,specifications and properties of traditional Chinese medicine,and embodies some important science truth. The traditional primary processing method and technology systems are derived from the long-term practices and experiences,which are distinctive,colorful,diverse,and scientific,which are helpful to development and utilization of traditional Chinese medicine resources. This paper systemically expounds the research status of the Chinese medicine processing method,summarizes the problems in the primary processing of traditional Chinese medicinal materials research,and prospects its bright future.

关键词(KeyWords): 中药材;产地加工;研究现状
traditional Chinese medicinal materials;primary processing;research status

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家中医药管理局公益性行业专项(2015468002-3);; 江苏省自然科学基金项目(BK20141093);; 江苏省科技支撑计划-工业项目(BE2012011)

作者(Author): 陈林伟;秦昆明;朱艳汇;蔡皓;李伟东;蔡宝昌;
CHEN Lin-wei;QIN Kun-ming;ZHU Yan-hui;CAI Hao;LI Wei-dong;CAI Bao-chang;Engineering Center of State Ministry of Education for Standardization of Chinese Medicine Processing,Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine;Key Laboratory of State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine for Standardization of Chinese Medicine Processing;Graduate workstation enterprises in Jiangsu Province,Nanjing Hai chang Chinese Medicine Group Corporation;

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