中国中药杂志

2021, v.46(19) 5137-5143

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蒙古族医经典名方的源流考证
Textual research on classical prescriptions in Mongolian medicine

孟和毕力格;奥·乌力吉;王秀兰;杨立国;苏都那布其;国光;包智杰;木其尔;包晓华;
MENGHE Bi-lige;AO Wu-li-ji;WANG Xiu-lan;YANG Li-guo;SUDU Na-bu-qi;GUO Guang;BAO Zhi-jie;MU Qi-er;BAO Xiao-hua;Inner Mongolia Research Institute of Traditional Mongolian Medicine Engineering Technology;College of Traditional Mongolian Medicine, Inner Mongolia University for Nationalities;Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia University for Nationalities;

摘要(Abstract):

蒙古族使用方剂历史悠久,共经历4个阶段,包括13世纪以前的萌芽和经验积累阶段、13—16世纪的理论形成阶段、17—20世纪中叶快速发展阶段、20世纪中叶到现在的跨越发展阶段。其中源自古代经典医籍或有代表性的古医籍,为各代蒙古族医学家长期使用,并沿用至今,其疗效确切、效果明显的蒙古族药经典名方不少。2008年在《关于印发中药注册管理补充规定的通知》中,提出现在国家越来越重视经典名方挖掘开发,《中医药法》中界定中医经典名方的标准是"至今仍广泛应用,疗效确切,具有明显特色与优势的古代中医典籍所记载的方剂"。该文阐述了蒙古族医经典名方历史形成和发展过程,形成发展中具有影响力的古书籍——《甘露四部》《医法之海》《蒙医药选编》《珊瑚验方》《观者之喜》等的介绍,蒙古族医经典名方文冠木四味汤、手掌参八味汤、姜黄四味汤等的源流。对蒙古族医经典名方的产生、发展历史、特点进行概述,为蒙古族医经典名方的进一步研究与开发提供参考。
Mongolians have a long history of using prescriptions, which can be classified into four stages as follows: the germination and experience accumulation stage before the 13 th century, the theoretical formation stage from the 13 th to 16 th century, the rapid development stage from the 17 th to 20 th century, and the leaping development stage from the mid-20 th century to the present. The prescriptions from the ancient classical or representative medical books have always been used by Mongolian physicians for generations, and they are still in use due to the definite curative effects. In 2008, the Notice on Issuing the Supplementary Provisions to the Registration and Management of Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) described that China has attached more importance to the excavation and development of classical prescriptions. As stipulated in the Law of the People′s Republic of China on Traditional Chinese Medicine, the classical prescriptions should be those available in ancient TCM classics and still in wide use, with exact curative effects, distinct features, and obvious advantages. This paper expounded the historical formation and development of classical prescriptions in Mongo-lian medicine, introduced the five most influential ancient medical books revealing the formation and development of these classic prescriptions, and traced the origin of such classical prescriptions as Wenguanmu Siwei Decoction, Shouzhangshen Bawei Decoction, Jianghuang Siwei Decoction and summarized the origin, development history and characteristics of classical prescriptions in Mongolian medicine, aiming to provide a reference for their further research and development.

关键词(KeyWords): 蒙古族药;经典名方;源流
Mongolian medicine;classical prescription;origin

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 中国民族医药学会项目(2020ZY378-130101)

作者(Author): 孟和毕力格;奥·乌力吉;王秀兰;杨立国;苏都那布其;国光;包智杰;木其尔;包晓华;
MENGHE Bi-lige;AO Wu-li-ji;WANG Xiu-lan;YANG Li-guo;SUDU Na-bu-qi;GUO Guang;BAO Zhi-jie;MU Qi-er;BAO Xiao-hua;Inner Mongolia Research Institute of Traditional Mongolian Medicine Engineering Technology;College of Traditional Mongolian Medicine, Inner Mongolia University for Nationalities;Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia University for Nationalities;

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