中国中药杂志

2015, v.40(17) 3395-3401

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中药资源化学研究与资源循环利用途径及目标任务
Research on resources chemistry of Chinese medicinal materials and resources recycling utilization ways and goals and tasks

段金廒;宿树兰;郭盛;江曙;刘培;严辉;钱大玮;朱华旭;唐于平;吴启南;
DUAN Jin-ao;SU Shu-lan;GUO Sheng;JIANG Shu;LIU Pei;YAN Hui;QIAN Da-wei;ZHU Hua-xu;TANG Yu-ping;WU Qi-nan;Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization,and National and Local Collaborative Engineering Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization and Formulae Innovative Medicine,Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine;

摘要(Abstract):

中药资源化学研究目的是促进中药及天然药物资源的有效生产、合理利用和产业的提质增效。中医药事业的发展有赖于中药资源的高效利用和可持续发展,有赖于药用生物资源可利用物质、潜在利用价值的发现技术和手段,有赖于中药资源类群中资源性化学成分的多途径、多层次、精细化利用和产业链的有效延伸,从而实现其循环利用的资源化学研究和资源产业健康发展的目的。该文基于中药资源化学的研究思路,将围绕5个方面对中药资源化学与中药资源循环利用途径及目标任务进行论述:立足于资源稀缺性原则,寻找发现或人工生产可替代性资源,保护珍稀濒危物种及自然资源;立足于资源多宜性原则,通过系统性和精细化开发利用,实现资源价值增值和价值补偿,提升资源利用效率;立足于资源节约和环境友好原则,减少资源消耗,促进循环利用,降低资源成本,提升资源利用效益;基于化害为利的资源化策略,研究揭示外来入侵生物资源的药用及多途径利用价值并加以有效利用,转化和丰富我国药物资源体系;基于化学成分结构修饰策略,发掘和提升中药资源性化学物质的利用价值和潜在利用价值。以期为提升中药资源利用效率,推进中药资源循环经济产业发展,从根本上转变中药农业和中药工业的经济增长方式提供参考和借鉴。
The objects of research on the resources chemistry of Chinese medicinal materials( RCCMM) are promotion of efficient production,rational utilization and improving quality of CMM and natural products. The development of TCM cause depends on the efficient utilization and sustainable development of CMM,hinges on the technologies and methods for using and discovering medicinal biological resources,stand or fall on the extension of industy chains,detailed utilizaion of resource chemical components by multi-way,multi-level. All of these may help to the recycling utilization and sound development of RCMM. In this article,five respects were discussed to the RCCMM researches and resources recycling utilization ways and goals and tasks. First,based on the principle of resource scarcity,discovering or replacing CMM resources,protecting the rare or endangered species or resources. Second,based on the multifunctionality of CMM,realizing the value-added and value compensation,and promoting the utilization efficiency through systermatic and detailed exploitation and utilization. Third,based on the resource conservation and environment-friendly,reducing raw material consumption,lowering cost,promoting recycling utilization and elevating utilization efficiency. Fourth,based on the stratege of turning harm into good,using the invasive alien biological resources by multi-ways and enriching the medicial resources. Fifth,based on the method of structure modification of chemical components,exploring and enhancing the utility value of resouces chemical substances.These data should provide references and attention for improving the utilization efficiency,promoting the development of recycling economy,and changing the mode of economic growth of agriculture and industry of CMM fundamentally.

关键词(KeyWords): 中药资源;中药资源化学;中药资源循环利用
Chinese medicinal material(CMM) resources;resources chemistry of Chinese medicinal materials(RCCMM);recycling utilization of CMM

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 江苏高校中药资源产业化过程协同创新中心建设专项;; 国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAI29B02);; 江苏省“333高层次人才工程”第一层次培养对象资助项目(2013);; 江苏高校中药学优势学科Ⅱ期建设工程(2014-ysxk)

作者(Author): 段金廒;宿树兰;郭盛;江曙;刘培;严辉;钱大玮;朱华旭;唐于平;吴启南;
DUAN Jin-ao;SU Shu-lan;GUO Sheng;JIANG Shu;LIU Pei;YAN Hui;QIAN Da-wei;ZHU Hua-xu;TANG Yu-ping;WU Qi-nan;Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization,and National and Local Collaborative Engineering Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization and Formulae Innovative Medicine,Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine;

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