中国中药杂志

2014, v.39(17) 3399-3403

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独活、羌活的本草源流考
Herbal textual research on origin and development of traditional Chinese medicine "Duhuo" and "Qianghuo"

单锋;袁媛;郝近大;黄璐琦;
SHAN Feng;YUAN Yuan;HAO Jin-da;HUANG Lu-qi;Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;State Key Laboratory of Dao-di Herbs,National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,Chinese Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;

摘要(Abstract):

通过本草文献,梳清独活、羌活的本草源流,确立其基原。考证历代本草著作,并结合现代资料进行分析。《神农本草经》中独活应包括独活和羌活2类中药,南北朝时期已区分药材。唐宋时期已认识到二者的临床区别,明代《本草品汇精要》始将二者从本草上区分开来,由于本草家多泥古,尤其是李时珍将二者合为一条,引起了混乱。但是在药材商品和临床上,二者依然是区分的。历代羌活均为羌活属植物,基原为羌活Notopterygium incisum和宽叶羌活N.forbesii。而独活品种较为复杂,但至少在宋代就已经应用当归属重齿毛当归Angelica pubescens f.biserrata,并作为正品延续下来。最早的独活应不包括羌活属植物,羌活可看成历史上的一优选的"新兴品种"。
To clarify the origin and development of the traditional Chinese medicine "Duhuo" and "Qianghuo" with medicinal literatures.Medical literatures of past dynasties were analysed and combined with the modern material.The "Duhuo" in Herbal writing Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing include traditional Chinese medicine "Duhuo" and "Qianghuo", "Qianghuo" was separated from "Duhuo" due to the distinguish of clinical application.The origin of "Qianghuo" is Notopterygium incisum and N.forbesii,However,The origin of "Duhuo" is very complex,Angelica pubescens f.bisenata as authentic "Duhuo" was used from Song Dynasty. "Qianghuo" was originated from "Duhuo".

关键词(KeyWords): 独活;羌活;本草
herbal textual;Angelicae Pubescentis Radix;Rhizoma et Radix Notopterygii

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 中央本级重大增减支项目(20060302)

作者(Author): 单锋;袁媛;郝近大;黄璐琦;
SHAN Feng;YUAN Yuan;HAO Jin-da;HUANG Lu-qi;Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;State Key Laboratory of Dao-di Herbs,National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,Chinese Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;

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