中国中药杂志

2021, v.46(06) 1326-1332

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沙棘叶的应用及现代研究进展
Application and modern research progress of sea buckthorn leaves

李月;刘青;王悦;俎元虎;王志宏;何春年;肖培根;
LI Yue;LIU Qing;WANG Yue;ZU Yuan-hu;WANG Zhi-hong;HE Chun-nian;XIAO Pei-gen;Institute of Medicinal Plant Development,Chinese Academy of Medicinal Sciences & Peking Union Medicinal College;Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Resources Utilisation of Chinese Herbal Medicine,Ministry of Education;Forestry Bureau of Lan County;

摘要(Abstract):

沙棘Hippophae rhamnoides分布广泛,资源蕴藏量大,应用历史悠久,具有丰富的营养和较高的药用价值,吸引了国内外研究者的广泛关注。关注的重点主要集中于沙棘果,而对沙棘叶的研究和开发利用相对薄弱。为了更好地开发利用丰富的沙棘叶资源,该文系统查阅了国内外文献资料,对沙棘叶的应用现状、采收加工、化学成分和药理活性等研究进展进行较为系统地总结。沙棘叶在食品原料(代用茶等)、药品原料和动物饲料等方面有较广泛的开发利用价值。现代研究表明沙棘叶含有丰富的多糖、黄酮类、多酚类、三萜和甾体类化合物,以及维生素(特别是维生素C)、蛋白质、氨基酸和矿物元素等成分。具有降脂、降血糖、抗氧化、抑菌、抗炎和抗心血管疾病等多种药理作用。国内外的研究显示沙棘叶具有重要的开发利用前景,值得继续深入研究和开发利用。
Sea buckthorn(Hippophae rhamnoides) is widely distributed, with abundant resources, a long history of application, and rich nutrition and high medicinal value. Therefore, it has attracted extensive attention from researchers at home and abroad. The focus of attention is mainly on sea buckthorn fruit, but with weak research and development of sea buckthorn leaves. In order to develop and utilize abundant resources of sea buckthorn leaves, this paper systematically reviewed domestic and foreign literatures and summarized the current application, harvesting and processing, chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of sea buckthorn leaves. Sea buckthorn leaves have a wide development and utilization value in food raw materials(like a substituting-for-tea plant), pharmaceutical raw materials and animal feed. Modern studies have shown that the leaves of sea buckthorn are rich in polysaccharides, flavonoids, polyphenols, triterpenes and steroids, as well as vitamins(especially vitamin C), proteins, amino acids and mineral elements. It has various pharmacological effects, such as anti-obesity, hypoglycemia, anti-oxidation, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and anti-cardiovascular diseases. Domestic and foreign studies have showed that sea buckthorn leaves have important development and utilization prospects, and are worth further study and development.

关键词(KeyWords): 沙棘叶;应用;采收加工;化学成分;药理作用
sea buckthorn leaves;application;harvesting and processing;chemical consituent;pharmacological effect

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 中国工程院战略研究与咨询重点项目(2021-XZ-10);; 建生鲜药创研基金项目(JSJC-20200109-061)

作者(Author): 李月;刘青;王悦;俎元虎;王志宏;何春年;肖培根;
LI Yue;LIU Qing;WANG Yue;ZU Yuan-hu;WANG Zhi-hong;HE Chun-nian;XIAO Pei-gen;Institute of Medicinal Plant Development,Chinese Academy of Medicinal Sciences & Peking Union Medicinal College;Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Resources Utilisation of Chinese Herbal Medicine,Ministry of Education;Forestry Bureau of Lan County;

Email:

DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20201211.601

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