中国中药杂志

2018, v.43(21) 4361-4364

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药材枳壳基原植物种类及地理分布研究
Study on original plant species and geographical distribution of Fructus Aurantii

赵维良;郭增喜;张文婷;黄琴伟;依泽;宋剑锋;
ZHAO Wei-liang;GUO Zeng-xi;ZHANG Wen-ting;HUANG Qin-wei;YI Ze;SONG Jian-feng;Zhejiang Institute for Food and Drug Control;Quzhou Institute for Food and Drug Control;

摘要(Abstract):

中药材枳壳的基原植物来源复杂,对生长环境要求苛刻。为厘清药材标准收载与商品流通使用的枳壳基原植物种类及其地理分布规律,该研究收集查找了国家和地方药材标准,调查了枳壳产地和商品流通使用情况,分析研究枳壳生长环境及地理分布规律。结果《中国药典》及浙江、云南、贵州等6个地方标准收载枳壳基原植物共10种(含栽培变种,下同)。实际商品有川枳壳、湘枳壳、江枳壳、衢枳壳、苏枳壳和温枳壳6大类,主要基原植物达19种。共有四川盆地、洞庭湖平原、鄱阳湖平原、金衢盆地及其周边丘陵四大产区,均位于东经104°—121°,北纬27°—31°。枳壳实际商品与标准收载基原有一定区别,建议将质量优良的传统主流品种收载进入《中国药典》,质次的淘汰出《中国药典》。
The original plant species of Fructus Aurantii are multitudinous and complex, and their requirements to the growing environment is strict. In order to clarify the original plant species and geographical distribution of Fructus Aurantii which recorded in the standards and circulated, used in commodity. The national and local standards of Chinese medicinal materials were collected and the original plants of Fructus Aurantii recoded in standards were found. Ten original plant species of Fructus Aurantii(including varieties of cultivars, the same below) were recorded in the Chinese pharmacopoeia and six local standards of Zhejiang, Yunnan and Guizhou etc. The producing areas and commodity in markets of Fructus Aurantii were investigated. The growth environment and geographical distribution of them were analyzed. There are six types of Fructus Aurantii i.e., Fructus Aurantii Chuan, Fructus Aurantii Xiang, Fructus Aurantii Jiang, Fructus Aurantii Qu, Fructus Aurantii Su, Fructus Aurantii Wen, and nineteen species of original plants in the practical commodities. There are four major Fructus Aurantii producing areas: Sichuan Basin, Dongting Lake Plain, Poyang Lake Plain, Jinqu Basin and its surrounding hilly areas. All of them are located in the area of the east longitude 104° to 121° and the northern latitudes 27° to 31°. There is a certain difference between the actual commodity and the standards of medicinal materials. It is suggested that the traditional mainstream types of Fructus Aurantii with fine quality should be accepted into Chinese Pharmacopoeia, and the types with poor quality should be withdrawn from Chinese Pharmacopoeia.

关键词(KeyWords): 枳壳;川枳壳;湘枳壳;江枳壳;衢枳壳;苏枳壳;酸橙
Fructus Aurantii;Fructus Aurantii Chuan;Fructus Aurantii Xiang;Fructus Aurantii Jiang;Fructus Aurantii Qu;Fructus Aurantii Su;original plants

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 浙江省食品药品安全“十三五”规划项目(浙食药z-2016001)

作者(Author): 赵维良;郭增喜;张文婷;黄琴伟;依泽;宋剑锋;
ZHAO Wei-liang;GUO Zeng-xi;ZHANG Wen-ting;HUANG Qin-wei;YI Ze;SONG Jian-feng;Zhejiang Institute for Food and Drug Control;Quzhou Institute for Food and Drug Control;

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