中国中药杂志

2010, v.35(19) 2590-2593

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GC-MS比较温郁金、温莪术、片姜黄中挥发油的化学组成
Essential oil composition of three herbal medicines from Curcuma wenyujin by GC-MS

张清哲;杨芳;朱晶晶;杨立新;王智民;张启伟;
ZHANG Qingzhe, YANG Fang, ZHU Jingjing, YANG Lixin, WANG Zhimin, ZHANG Qiwei(Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China)

摘要(Abstract):

目的:比较同一植物来源的3种中药温郁金、温莪术、片姜黄挥发油类成分在含量和组成上的差异。方法:通过水蒸气蒸馏法提取温郁金、温莪术和片姜黄的挥发油类成分,并参照2005年版药典附录XD法测定挥发油含量,采用GC-MS分析比较了三者挥发油化学组成上的异同。结果:温郁金、温莪术、片姜黄三者挥发油的平均含量依次是5.6,19.9,9.4μL·g-1。GC-MS共推测了60种成分;其中片姜黄40种,温莪术41种,温郁金41种,温莪术与片姜黄在低沸点类挥发性成分组成上相似,而温郁金与温莪术则在高沸点类挥发性成分组成上相似,总体上温郁金与片姜黄之间的成分差异较大。结论:虽为同一植物来源,但不同加工方法或不同药用部位,三者挥发油类成分在含量和组成上各有异同,由此决定其疗效各有异同。
Objective:To compare the contents and composition of volatile oil of Wenyujin (steamed root of Curcuma wenyujin) Wenezhu (steamed rhieome of Curcuma wenyujin) and Pianjianghuang (rhizome of Curcuma wenyujin). Method: The volatile oils of three herbal medicines obtained by steam distillation were determined according to the method described in the appendix XD in Chinese pharmacopoeia and identified by GC-MS. Result: The average contents of volatile oil of Wenyujin, Wenezhu and Pianjianghuang were 0.56,1.99 and 0.94 μL·g-1, respectively. A total of 60 compounds were identified by GC-MS. The amounts of chemical components separated and identified in Wenyujin, Wenezhu and Pianjianghuang were 41, 41 and 40, respectively. Three medicines share a great deal of similarity, chemically and genetically. Low boiling point essential oil compositions Wenyujin and Wenezhu were similar. While the higher boiling point essential oil compositions of Wenyujin and Wenezhu were similar. And the essential oil compositions of Wenyujin and Pianjianghuang were distinct. Conclusion: Although coming from the same origin, the composition of essential oil from different part of the plant or various process were discrepant, which lead to rather distinct clinical efficacy.

关键词(KeyWords): 温郁金;温莪术;片姜黄;GC-MS;挥发油;化学组成与含量
Wenyujin; Wenezhu; Pianjianghuang; GC-MS; essential oil; composition

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金项目(30901961);; 中国中医科学院自主研究选题项目(091202)

作者(Authors): 张清哲;杨芳;朱晶晶;杨立新;王智民;张启伟;
ZHANG Qingzhe, YANG Fang, ZHU Jingjing, YANG Lixin, WANG Zhimin, ZHANG Qiwei(Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China)

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