中国中药杂志

2017, v.42(18) 3469-3473

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历代本草重楼基原考
Herbal textual research on origins of Chonglou

蒋露;康利平;刘大会;彭华胜;谢晋;陈敏;
JIANG Lu;KANG Li-ping;LIU Da-hui;PENG Hua-sheng;XIE Jin;CHEN Min;College of Pharmacy,Anhui University of Chinese Medicine;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs,National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;College of Pharmacy,Hubei University of Chinese Medicine;Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine Resources Protection and Development,Anhui Academy of Chinese Medicine;School of Pharmacy,Anhui Medical University;

摘要(Abstract):

结合野外调查,该文对历代本草中重楼的种质和产地进行考证。结果表明,古代本草中的重楼有时特指某些具体的种;有时泛指百合科重楼属除北重楼组之外的多个类群。《本草图经》、《本草蒙筌》所载重楼应为七叶一枝花Paris polyphylla var.chinensis,《新修本草》中的重楼可能是多叶重楼P.polyphylla,《本草纲目》所载重楼应是多叶重楼P.polyphylla或狭叶重楼P.polyphylla var.stenophylla,而《滇南本草》和《植物名实图考》所载重楼则来源于重楼属多种类群。历代本草中,重楼的产地由北向南发生变迁,其基原也愈加多样。在当前重楼资源日趋濒危的现状下,建议扩大重楼基原研究。
Based on the field investigation,this paper researched the germplasms and geoherbs habitat of Chonglou in ancient herbal books systematically. The results showed that,Chonglou in ancient herbal books sometimes referred to certain specific germplasm,while sometimes it referred to many species derived from genus Paris except Sect. Paris. The medicinal material Chonglou in Chinese Materia Medica Bencaotujing and Bencaomengquan was verified as P. polyphylla var. chinensis,which could be P. polyphylla in Xinxiubencao,and it should include P. polyphylla or P. polyphylla var. stenophylla in Bencaogangmu. However,it proved to be a variety of species from Paris that can used as Chonglou in Diannanbencao and Zhiwumingshitukao. Moreover,the origins of Chonglou were correspondingly more diverse,with its producing areas changed from North to South. Therefore,with the resources increasing endangered,the botanical origin of Chonglou should be further studied.

关键词(KeyWords): 重楼;重楼属;种质;产地变迁
Chonglou;Paris;germplasms;geoherbs habitat change

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家“重大新药创制”科技重大专项(2014ZX09301306-001);; 中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项(ZZ0708117)

作者(Author): 蒋露;康利平;刘大会;彭华胜;谢晋;陈敏;
JIANG Lu;KANG Li-ping;LIU Da-hui;PENG Hua-sheng;XIE Jin;CHEN Min;College of Pharmacy,Anhui University of Chinese Medicine;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs,National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;College of Pharmacy,Hubei University of Chinese Medicine;Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine Resources Protection and Development,Anhui Academy of Chinese Medicine;School of Pharmacy,Anhui Medical University;

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DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.2017.0134

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