中国中药杂志

2012, v.37(19) 2855-2862

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1株选择性降解茅苍术挥发油内生真菌的筛选与鉴定
Screening and identification of an endophytic fungus from Atractylodes lancea which utilizes volatile oil selectively

李蕾;刘付燕;任承钢;戴传超;
LI Lei,LIU Fu-yan,REN Cheng-gang,DAI Chuan-chao(Jiangsu Engineering and Technology Research Center for Industrialization of Microbial Resources,Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Microbes and Functional Genomics,College of Life Science,Nanjing Normal University,Nanjing 210046,China)

摘要(Abstract):

目的:从茅苍术Atractylodes lancea根中分离内生真菌,筛选能选择性降解转化茅苍术挥发油的菌株,实现内生真菌对茅苍术挥发油主要成分的转化作用。方法:利用微生物体外转化方法,通过气相色谱追踪挥发油变化,筛选出能选择性利用挥发油的内生真菌。通过单因素试验研究碳源、转速、装液量、初始pH和植物组织添加对内生真菌降解的影响,并选取对降解影响较大的因素进行正交试验。结果:筛选到的内生真菌ALG-13可以选择性利用挥发油,改变了挥发油主要成分相对百分比。总体表现为苍术酮和苍术素增加,β-桉叶醇和茅术醇含量减少。经过真菌选择性降解后,挥发油组分更加接近道地茅苍术的挥发油组成。ALG-13基于形态特征、ITS序列系统学分析,确定为生赤壳属真菌Bionectria ochroleuca。最优降解条件为200 r.min-1,pH 4.5,250 mL装液量为50 mL、蔗糖为碳源。结论:内生真菌ALG-13可以选择性降解挥发油,使挥发油组分接近道地药材。
In order to transform main active ingredient of volatile oil,endophytic fungi were screened from the root of Atractylodes lancea.Transformation method was used in vitro.The changes of volatile oil were traced by gas chromatography.One endophytic fungus(strain ALG-13) which could uitilize volatile oil selectively was screened.Single factor experiment were conducted for exploring the effects of various factors that including kinds of carbon source,speed,liquid volume,pH and concentration of plant tissue on degradation by this strain.Subsequently,the main affecting factors carbon source,speed,pH and liquid volume were optimized using orthogonal array design.Results showed that endophytic fungus ALG-13 selectively used the volatile oil,change the relative percentage of the main components of volatile oil,Atractylon and Atractydin were increased,While,β-eudesmol and Atractylol decreased.After selectively degradation by fungus,volatile oil components percentage were closer to the geo-herbs.Strain ALG-13 was identified as Bionectria ochroleuca according to its morphological characteristics and systematic analysis of ITS sequence.The optimal conditions were as follows:sucrose used as carbon source,rotating speed was 200 r·min-1,initial pH for medium was 4.5,50 mL liquid was added in 250 mL flask.The endophytic fungus ALG-13 could degrade the volatile oil selectively,which was benefit for forming geo-herbs A.lancea volatile oil composition.

关键词(KeyWords): 茅苍术;内生真菌;挥发油;选择性利用;生赤壳属
Atractylodes lancea;endophytic fungi;volatile oil;selectively use;Bionectria ochroleuca

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金项目(31070443,30970523);; 国家理科基地人才培养项目(J1103507);; 江苏高教优势学科建设工程项目;; 南京市科委工程中心创新能力提升项目(201105058)

作者(Author): 李蕾;刘付燕;任承钢;戴传超;
LI Lei,LIU Fu-yan,REN Cheng-gang,DAI Chuan-chao(Jiangsu Engineering and Technology Research Center for Industrialization of Microbial Resources,Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Microbes and Functional Genomics,College of Life Science,Nanjing Normal University,Nanjing 210046,China)

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