中国中药杂志

2015, v.40(09) 1654-1659

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药用植物资源蕴藏量估算方法的研究进展
Research of estimation methods on medicinal plant resources reserves

郭静霞;李旻辉;白金牛;高琦;李振华;张春红;
GUO Jing-xia;LI Min-hui;BAI Jing-niu;GAO Qi;LI Zhen-hua;ZHANG Chun-hong;Baotou Medical College;National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;

摘要(Abstract):

药用植物资源蕴藏量是指某种药用植物资源在一定时间和区域范围内的自然蓄积量。近年来,随着药用植物资源需求量的激增、环境的变化及人为干预等综合因素导致药用植物资源蕴藏量变化加快,如何快速准确获知某种药用植物资源当前的蕴藏量是该药用植物开发利用的前提和依据,而选择适宜准确的估算方法则是药用植物蕴藏量调查真实可靠的基础和保障,是蕴藏量调查成败的关键之一。该文系统总结了30年来药用植物蕴藏量的估算方法,分析讨论了各估算模型的基本原理、发展演变过程、适用范围及优缺点,旨在提高药用植物资源蕴藏量调查的精确性,为药用植物资源可持续开发利用提供科学可靠的资源数据支撑。
The medicinal plant resource reserve refers to the natural resources of medicinal plants in a certain time and a certain region within the scope of the volume. In recent years,with the demand of medicinal plant resources surging and the change of the environment and human intervention factors,the medicinal plant resources reserve had accelerated pace of change. It is the prerequisite and basis for the development and utilization of medical plants that how to quickly and accurately attain reserve of some medicinal plants resources,the selection of suitable and accurate estimating method is reliable basis and can guarantee medicinal plant reserve survey,and also is one of the key reserve investigation of success. This paper systematically summarized the estimation method of medicinal plants in recent 30 years,and discussed the basic principle,the estimation model of development and evolution,advantages and disadvantages and applicability,and it aimed to improve the accuracy about reserves survey of medicinal plant resources,and provide scientific and reliable support data to medicinal plants resources for sustainable development and utilization of resources.

关键词(KeyWords): 药用植物;蕴藏量;估算方法;研究进展
medicinal plant;reserves;estimation method;research progress

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家“十二五”科技支撑计划项目(2012BAI28B02);; 包头市科技计划项目(2014S2004-3-9-6,2014S2004-3-9-8,2014S2004-3-9-10)

作者(Authors): 郭静霞;李旻辉;白金牛;高琦;李振华;张春红;
GUO Jing-xia;LI Min-hui;BAI Jing-niu;GAO Qi;LI Zhen-hua;ZHANG Chun-hong;Baotou Medical College;National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;

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