中国中药杂志

2019, v.44(07) 1321-1326

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市售乌梢蛇的基原鉴别研究
Reseach on origin identification of commercially available Zaocys dhumnades

金捷凯;杨青山;陈梦轩;姚强;丁振飞;章鹏飞;王进;杨康;
JIN Jie-kai;YANG Qing-shan;CHEN Meng-xuan;YAO Qiang;DING Zhen-fei;ZHANG Peng-fei;WANG Jin;YANG Kang;School of Pharmacy, Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;Institute of Conservation and Development of Traditional Chinese Medicine Resources, Anhui Academy of Chinese Medicine;Synergetic Innovation Center of Anhui Authentic Chinese Medicine Quality Improvement;Anhui Yat Natural Plant Science and Technology Co., Ltd.;

摘要(Abstract):

通过市场调查,摸清市售乌梢蛇的混伪情况,收集市场上乌梢蛇的正品与混伪品,对其基原和性状进行研究,以期为乌梢蛇的真伪鉴别提供参考。市场销售的乌梢蛇伪品有以下几种:灰鼠蛇、滑鼠蛇、舟山眼镜蛇、赤链华游蛇、白链蛇等,研究发现乌梢蛇与伪品之间的性状相差较大。正品乌梢蛇具有剑脊、铁线尾、体背鳞片强烈起棱等特征,是其区别于伪品的关键鉴别点。
Through market investigation, the adulteration of Zaocys dhumnades on markets was found out, and samples of authentic and adulterated Z. dhumnades on markets were collected. The origin and properties of the adulterated Z. dhumnades were studied in order to provide reference for the identification of Z. dhumnades. The counterfeit Z. dhumnades sold on markets were as follows: Ptyas korros, P. mucosus, Najanaja atra, Sinonatrix annularis, Dinodon septentrionalis, etc. It is found that there existed a obvious difference between the traits of the Z. dhumnades and counterfeits. Genuine Z. dhumnades with "sword ridge" "iron tail", strongly ribbed scales and other features, is the key point to identify the difference from adulterants.

关键词(KeyWords): 乌梢蛇;常见伪品;性状鉴别
Zaocys dhumnades;common counterfeit goods;experience identification

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金项目(81303177)

作者(Author): 金捷凯;杨青山;陈梦轩;姚强;丁振飞;章鹏飞;王进;杨康;
JIN Jie-kai;YANG Qing-shan;CHEN Meng-xuan;YAO Qiang;DING Zhen-fei;ZHANG Peng-fei;WANG Jin;YANG Kang;School of Pharmacy, Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;Institute of Conservation and Development of Traditional Chinese Medicine Resources, Anhui Academy of Chinese Medicine;Synergetic Innovation Center of Anhui Authentic Chinese Medicine Quality Improvement;Anhui Yat Natural Plant Science and Technology Co., Ltd.;

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