中国中药杂志

2009, v.34(21) 2695-2700

[打印本页] [关闭]
本期目录(Current Issue) | 过刊浏览(Past Issue) | 高级检索(Advanced Search)

甘草及其活性成分的药理活性研究进展
Review of pharmacological effects of Glycyrrhiza Radix and its bioactive compounds

高雪岩;王文全;魏胜利;李卫东;
GAO Xueyan1,WANG Wenquan1,2*,WEI Shengli1,LI Weidong1,2 (1.Institute of Chinese Medica,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine,Beijing 100102,China;2.Engineering Research Center of Good Agricultural Practice for Chinese Crude Drugs,Ministry of Education,Beijing 100102,China)

摘要(Abstract):

甘草是一味常用大宗药材,来源于乌拉尔甘草、光果甘草和胀果甘草的干燥根和根茎,其主要活性成分是三萜皂苷和黄酮类化合物,具有抗溃疡、抗炎、解痉、抗氧化、抗病毒、抗癌、抗抑郁、保肝、祛痰和增强记忆力等多种药理活性。三萜皂苷是甘草中含量较高的成分,其药理活性研究的较为深入和明确。近年来,甘草黄酮类化合物被证明具有多种药理活性后,也成为药理研究的热点之一。作者综述了甘草提取物、三萜皂苷和黄酮类成分近5年的药理活性研究进展,试验研究表明甘草对消化系统、呼吸系统、神经系统、内分泌系统等均具有调节和保护活性。
Glycyrrhiza Radix is a commonly used Chinese herbal medicine,derived from the dried roots and rhizomes of Glycyrrhiza uralensis,G.glabra and G.inflata.The main bioactive constituents of licorice are triterpene saponins and flavonoids.There are various types of pharmacological properties of licorice are proved,including antiulcer,antiinflammation,spasmolysis,antioxidative,contravariance,antiviral,anticancer acrivities,hepatoprotective,eliminating phlegm and reinforcing remembrance effects.Triterpene saponins are the main components of Glycyrrhiza Radix and its pharmacological activities are comparatively thorough and clear.In recent years,licorice flavonoids,proved to have a variety of pharmacological activities,become one of the hot of pharmacological studies.In this review,we summarized the latest five-year progress in pharmacological activities of licorice extract,its triterpenoid saponins and flavonoids,and experimental researches indicated that licorice had both accommodation and protection activity on the digestive system,respiratory system,nervous system,and endocrine system,etc.

关键词(KeyWords): 甘草;三萜皂苷;黄酮;药理活性
Glycyrrhiza Radix;triterpene saponins;flavonoids;pharmacological activities

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金项目(30572328);; 高等学校博士点科研基金项目(20050026006);; 国家科技基础性工作项目(SB2007FY020)

作者(Author): 高雪岩;王文全;魏胜利;李卫东;
GAO Xueyan1,WANG Wenquan1,2*,WEI Shengli1,LI Weidong1,2 (1.Institute of Chinese Medica,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine,Beijing 100102,China;2.Engineering Research Center of Good Agricultural Practice for Chinese Crude Drugs,Ministry of Education,Beijing 100102,China)

Email:

DOI:

参考文献(References):

扩展功能
本文信息
服务与反馈
本文关键词相关文章
本文作者相关文章
中国知网
分享