中国中药杂志

2017, v.42(22) 4329-4335

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中国药用植物特有种分布格局及区域相似性分析
Endemic plants for medicine use in China

李海涛;孙辉;张小波;张丽霞;李亚静;黄璐琦;马小军;
LI Hai-tao;SUN Hui;ZHANG Xiao-bo;ZHANG Li-xia;LI Ya-jing;HUANG Lu-qi;MA Xiao-jun;Yunnan Branch,Institute of Medicinal Plant Development,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College;Department of Environmental Science and Engineering,Sichuan University;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs,National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medical,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Institute of Medicinal Plant Development,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences;

摘要(Abstract):

该文在各大植物数据库、物种名录和文献记录的基础上,系统总结了有记载的药用植物中的中国特有种(维管植物)的总体情况、在各省及各个区域的数量和分布特征。结果表明,严格意义上的中国药用植物特有种为3 150种,分属于153科的785属,其中蕨类植物12科22属38种,裸子植物7科14属42种,被子植物134科749属3 070种;包含特有种数量前4位的是菊科(218种)、毛茛科(182种)、唇形科(151种);特有种总数前4位的是省级行政单位是四川省(1 808种)、云南省(1 533种)、贵州省(955种)和湖北省(930种);在区域尺度上,特有种最丰富的是西南地区(2 465种),其次是华中地区(1 226种)和西北地区(949种)。药用的中国植物特有种分布范围局限,其引种驯化和人工栽培的区域特征更加突出,是各区域发展区域生物经济的特色潜在宝贵资源。
Based on plant species databases,species lists and literature records,general situation of the Chinese medicinal endemic plant( vascular plant) has been systematically summarized,and its quantity and distribution characteristics of Chinese medicinal endemic plants are presented in this paper. The results showed that 3 150 endemic species are Chinese medicinal plants belonging to 785 genera in 153 families,which includes 38 species of 22 genera in 12 families of pteridophyta,42 species of 14 genera in7 families of gymnosperms,and 3 070 species of 749 genara in 134 families of angiosperms. The top four families involving medicinal endemic species are Asteraceae( 218 species),Ranunculaceae( 182 species),Labiatae( 151 species),and Liliaceae( 133 species). The top four provincial administration distributed medicinal endemic species are Sichuan( 1 568 species),Yunnan( 1 533 species),Guizhou( 955 species) and Hubei( 930 species). On the regional scale,the most abundant one is the southwest region( 2 465 species),followed by the central region( 1 226 species) and the northwest region( 949 species). Localization characteristics for domestication and artificial cultivation of medicinal endemic species are more prominent due to their narrower and limited distribution areas,indicatingit is possible for these species acting as local potential resource for reasonableeconomic development.

关键词(KeyWords): 中国特有植物;特有种;药用植物;植物资源
Chinese endemic plant;endemic species;medicinal plant;plant resource

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家中医药行业科研专项(201207002-07)

作者(Author): 李海涛;孙辉;张小波;张丽霞;李亚静;黄璐琦;马小军;
LI Hai-tao;SUN Hui;ZHANG Xiao-bo;ZHANG Li-xia;LI Ya-jing;HUANG Lu-qi;MA Xiao-jun;Yunnan Branch,Institute of Medicinal Plant Development,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College;Department of Environmental Science and Engineering,Sichuan University;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs,National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medical,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Institute of Medicinal Plant Development,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences;

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