中国中药杂志

2021, v.46(17) 4389-4394

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基于GMPGIS的黄芩全球生态适宜产区分析研究
Ecologically suitable areas for growing Scutellaria baicalensis worldwide: an analysis based on GMPGIS

纪宝玉;刘淼;裴莉昕;杨林林;
JI Bao-yu;LIU Miao;PEI Li-xin;YANG Lin-lin;School of Pharmacy, Henan University of Chinese Medicine;School of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Tianjin University;Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;

摘要(Abstract):

利用GMPGIS系统对黄芩的全球生态适宜性进行分析,以期为黄芩的资源分布及科学引种提供科学依据。在全球范围内共选取349个黄芩Scutellaria baicalensis分布样点,以年平均温度、最冷季均温、最暖季均温、年平均降水量、年平均相对湿度、年平均光照共6个生态因子以及不同土壤作为生态指标,利用药用植物全球产地生态适宜性区划信息系统(GMPGIS)对黄芩全球适宜生态产区进行分析。结果表明:黄芩适宜生态产区多位于北半球,以美国、中国、俄罗斯为主要分布区域,分别占全球适宜产区总面积的19.25%、18.66%、13.15%。在国内,内蒙古自治区、黑龙江省、云南省黄芩适宜生态产区面积最广,分别占全国总面积的14.28%、8.72%、6.18%。比照黄芩各分布样点生态因子,黄芩耐寒,但不耐高温,对于年均降水量适应范围小于年均空气湿度,适生土壤以始成土、淋溶土、冲积土为主,高温多雨气候或土壤容重过高不利于黄芩生长。运用GMPGIS系统能够获取黄芩最大生态相似度区域信息,可为黄芩的资源分布探查及合理引种提供可靠的数据支撑。
This paper explored the ecologically suitable areas for growing Scutellaria baicalensis using Geographic Information System for Global Medicinal Plants(GMPGIS), to figure out the resource distribution of S. baicalensis worldwide and provide a scientific basis for its scientific introduction. A total of 349 S. baicalensis sampling sites were selected all over the world for GMPGIS-based analy-sis of the ecologically suitable areas with six ecological factors including annual average temperature, average temperature during the coldest season, average temperature during the warmest season, average annual precipitation, average annual relative humidity, and annual average illumination and soil type as the ecological indexes. The results demonstrated that the ecologically suitable areas for growing S. baicalensis were mostly located in the Northern hemisphere, and the suitable areas in the United States, China, and Russia accounted for 19.25%, 18.66%, and 13.15% of the total area worldwide, respectively. In China, the Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang province, and Yunnan province occupied the largest proportions of the total area, namely 14.28%, 8.72%, and 6.18%, respectively. As revealed by ecological factors of each sampling site, S. baicalensis was resistant to low temperature but not to high temperature. The adaptive range of average annual precipitation is narrower than that of average annual air humidity. The suitable soils were mainly inceptisol, alfisol, and fluvisol. High temperature and rainy climate or excessively high soil bulk density was not conducive to the growth of S. baicalensis. The adoption of GMPGIS enabled to obtain areas with the greatest ecological similarity for S. baicalensis, which were reliable data supporting the exploration of resource distribution and reasonable introduction of S. baicalensis.

关键词(KeyWords): 黄芩;生态适宜性;GMPGIS;分布
Scutellaria baicalensis;ecological suitability;Geographic Information System for Global Medicinal Plants(GMPGIS);distribution

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 河南省高等教育教学改革研究与实践项目(2019SJGLX096);; 河南省高等学校骨干教师培养计划人选项目(2017GGJS082)

作者(Authors): 纪宝玉;刘淼;裴莉昕;杨林林;
JI Bao-yu;LIU Miao;PEI Li-xin;YANG Lin-lin;School of Pharmacy, Henan University of Chinese Medicine;School of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Tianjin University;Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;

DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20210625.101

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