中国中药杂志

2012, v.37(15) 2344-2348

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基于“三要素”的中药药性认知模式构建与实践
Establishment and practice of traditional Chinese medicine property cognitive model based on three elements

张冰;金锐;黄建梅;刘小青;薛春苗;林志健;
ZHANG Bing,JIN Rui,HUANG Jianmei,LIU Xiaoqing,XUE Chunmiao,LIN Zhijian (School of Traditional Chinese Medicine,Beijing University of Chinese medicine,Beijing 100102,China)

摘要(Abstract):

中药药性理论是中药基本理论研究的重点和难点,药性概念、构成及表征的复杂性长期困扰着研究人员,亟需研究视角和方法的创新。从认知科学角度看,中药药性理论的产生就是人们在与疾病斗争的医疗实践中面对中药及其作用的感官信息,在中国传统哲学思维指导下进行储存、提取、重建、总结,进而形成有关药物疗效性质概念的认知学过程;中药药性认知过程具有其特殊的认知要素和认知策略。本研究遵循中药临床应用特点,明晰其特殊认识要素,结合现代化学、生物学、数学研究手段,在本室5年前期工作基础上,构建基于"三要素"的中药药性认知模式,并以辛热药为示例进行实践,以期实现传统中药药性的现代科学解读,为阐明药性本质提供思考,为临床合理用药提供指导。
Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) property theory is believed to be a key and difficult point of basic theory studies of TCM.Complex concepts,components and characteristics of TCM property have long puzzled researchers and urged them to develop new angles and approaches.In the view of cognitive science,TCM property theory is a cognitive process of storing,extracting,rebuilding and summarizing the sensory information about TCMs and their effects during the medical practice struggling against diseases under the guidance of traditional Chinese philosophical thinking.The cognitive process of TCM property has particular cognitive elements and strategies.Taking into account clinical application characteristics of TCMs,this study defines the particular cognitive elements.In the combination of research methods of modern chemistry,biology and mathematics,and on the basis early-stage work for five years,we have built a TCM property cognition model based on three elements and practiced with drugs with pungent and hot properties as example,in the hope of interpreting TCM properties with modern science and providing thoughts for the nature of medical properties and instruction for rational clinical prescription.

关键词(KeyWords): 中药药性;认知模式;药性构成“三要素”;辛热药性
traditional Chinese medicine property theory;cognitive model;three elements composing medical property;pungent-hot property

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)项目(2007CB512605);; 北京中医药大学科研创新团队项目;; 教育部博士点基金项目(20100013110011);; 北京市教委2011年人才培养共建项目;; 教育部国家级教学团队建设项目

作者(Authors): 张冰;金锐;黄建梅;刘小青;薛春苗;林志健;
ZHANG Bing,JIN Rui,HUANG Jianmei,LIU Xiaoqing,XUE Chunmiao,LIN Zhijian (School of Traditional Chinese Medicine,Beijing University of Chinese medicine,Beijing 100102,China)

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