中国中药杂志

2021, v.46(04) 762-766

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基于中西医临床病症特点的特异性皮炎动物模型分析
Analysis of animal model of atopic dermatitis based on characteristics of clinical symptoms traditional Chinese and Western medicine

张茜;史艳梅;李秀敏;苗明三;
ZHANG Xi;SHI Yan-mei;LI Xiu-min;MIAO Ming-san;Henan University of Chinese medicine;

摘要(Abstract):

该文基于特应性皮炎(atopic dermatitis,AD)中西医临床病症特点,通过查阅近年来相关文献,总结已有的造模方法,对现有的动物模型进行分析,评价了模型与AD临床表现的吻合度及优缺点。通过发现自发型、转基因/基因敲除模型吻合度较高,但饲养条件要求高且价格昂贵;半抗原诱导模型造模成本低、速度快,在一定程度上揭示了AD的相应机制,但没有完全反应AD疾病全过程状态,且造模方法以西医为指导,缺乏中医致病因素,相关的中医证型模型存在缺失,在中医药研究上有一定的局限性。因此科研人员仍需结合AD中西医病因病机、临床表现,提高模型与临床病症特点的吻合度,为AD的深入研究设计合理的动物模型。
Based on the clinical characteristics of atopic dermatitis( AD) in traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) and Western medicine,the existing animal models were analyzed,and the coincidence degree,advantages and disadvantages between the models and the clinical manifestations of AD were evaluated,so as to provide reference for establishing a rational animal model. After consulting relevant literatures in recent years and summarizing the existing modeling methods,it is found that spontaneous,transgenic/gene knockout models were highly consistent,but with high breeding conditions and expensive prices. The hapten-induced model was low in cost and fast in modeling. It revealed the corresponding mechanism of AD to a certain extent,but did not fully reflect the state of the entire process of AD. The modeling method was guided by Western medicine,but with a lack of pathogenic factors of traditional Chinese medicine,and so has certain limitations in TCM research. Therefore,it is necessary to combine the etiology,pathogenesis and clinical mani-festations of AD with traditional Chinese and Western medicine,so as to improve the coincidence degree between the model and the characteristics of clinical symptoms and lay the foundation for in-depth studies on AD.

关键词(KeyWords): 特应性皮炎;临床病症;动物模型
atopic dermatitis;clinical symptoms;animal model

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家国际合作基地项目(2016-65);; 河南省杰出外籍科学家工作室项目(GZS2019006);; 中原学者项目(162101510003)

作者(Author): 张茜;史艳梅;李秀敏;苗明三;
ZHANG Xi;SHI Yan-mei;LI Xiu-min;MIAO Ming-san;Henan University of Chinese medicine;

Email:

DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20200916.604

参考文献(References):

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