中国中药杂志

2016, v.41(21) 4076-4082

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唐宋外来药物的输入与中药化
Transmission and development of foreign medicinal materials in the Tang and Song Dynasties

吴孟华;赵中振;曹晖;
WU Meng-hua;ZHAO Zhong-zhen;CAO Hui;Research Center for Traditional Chinese Medicine of Lingnan (Southern China) ,College of Pharmacy,Jinan University;School of Chinese Medicine,Hong Kong Baptist University;

摘要(Abstract):

经陆上丝绸之路和海上丝绸之路,外来药物来到中国,补充和丰富了我国的传统中医药。外来药物的输入在唐宋时期达到鼎盛,尤其是外来香药,填补了中国本土芳香走窜类中药的空白,宋局方中应用广泛。该文通过整理唐宋时期外来药物相关的历史文献记载,从唐宋时期外来药物的品种和数量、使用状况及本土化趋势等角度进行总结。外来药物自唐至宋逐步被给予了中药化的功效阐释,唐时昂贵的乳香等香药在宋代逐渐平民化,宋代的外来药物引种栽培亦略有发展,外来药物与传统中药的界限逐渐模糊,外来药物开始中药化。外来药物的输入在唐宋时期进入一个新的历史转折点,为中国传统医学的发展做出了重大的贡献。
Many foreign medicinal materials that were imported to China via the Silk Road and maritime trade have enriched Chinese medicine. Imported foreign medicines reached a high point by the Tang and Song Dynasties,particularly in the case of aromatic medicines,which supplemented domestic Chinese aromatics and were widely employed in official dispensaries in the Song Dynasty.This study investigated historical records related to imported Chinese medicines in the Tang and Song periods,focusing on their varieties,quantity,use,and localization trends. Foreign medicines were assimilated as Chinese medical theory was applied to interpret their effects,and aromatics such as frankincense that were extremely expensive in the Tang Dynasty became accessible to common people by the Song Dynasty. By the Song Dynasty,some foreign medicines began to be domestically cultivated and the boundary between foreign and traditional Chinese medicines became blurred; foreign medicines gradually transformed into Chinese medicines. The importation of foreign medicines during the Tang and Song Dynasties was a historical turning point that contributed greatly to the development of traditional Chinese medicine.

关键词(KeyWords): 外来药物;香药;中药化;唐宋
foreign medicinal materials;spices;localization as Chinese medicinal materials;Tang and Song Dynasties

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金项目(81302745,81373923)

作者(Author): 吴孟华;赵中振;曹晖;
WU Meng-hua;ZHAO Zhong-zhen;CAO Hui;Research Center for Traditional Chinese Medicine of Lingnan (Southern China) ,College of Pharmacy,Jinan University;School of Chinese Medicine,Hong Kong Baptist University;

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