中国中药杂志

2020, v.45(16) 3988-3996

[打印本页] [关闭]
本期目录(Current Issue) | 过刊浏览(Past Issue) | 高级检索(Advanced Search)

基于数据挖掘蒙古族药传统炮制方法与辅料用法规律研究
Study on traditional processing method of Mongolian medicine and excipient usage based on data mining

张磊;郭文芳;梁慧;朱翔慧;娜布其;许谨帆;张春红;李旻辉;
ZHANG Lei;GUO Wen-fang;LIANG Hui;ZHU Xiang-hui;NA Bu-qi;XU Jin-fan;ZHANG Chun-hong;LI Min-hui;Inner Mongolia Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine;Inner Mongolia Medical University;Baotou Medical College;Inner Mongolia Key Laboratory of Characteristic Geoherbs Resources Protection and Utilization;

摘要(Abstract):

该文利用文本挖掘技术探索蒙古族医药炮制方法和辅料使用规律。通过查询历年蒙古族医药炮制相关书籍,收集有关蒙古族药材炮制方法和辅料数据,采用基于炮制方法和辅料名词频数统计的数据,利用Microsoft Excel 2010软件进行统计分析,挖掘不同类蒙古族药材在不同时期用法规律分析,并运用Cytoscape 3.6.1软件进行可视化呈现。拓扑学分析得出:炮制方法前五依次为净制、研制、炒、煅和煮;炮制辅料前五依次为鲜奶、酒、尿液、奶油和矿物硼砂。频数分析得出:植物类药材在18世纪和21世纪记载居多,21世纪记载最突出,炮制方法多采用水制、修制和其他制法的研制;矿物类药材在18世纪、19世纪和21世纪记载最多,炮制方法多采用火制;动物类药材在18世纪、19世纪和21世纪均有记载,火制占据主要地位,21世纪明显增多修制和研制。辅料使用方面,植物类药材多应用液体辅料,矿物类药材在18世纪应用固体辅料最为常见,动物类药材18世纪炮制过程中多应用固体辅料,19世纪和21世纪液体辅料使用逐渐增多。该研究总结了蒙古族药传统炮制方法与辅料用法规律,明确了蒙古族药炮制方法与辅料中的特点、药材与辅料的搭配特点,为蒙古族药临床使用提供参考依据。
This paper explores Mongolian medicine processing methods and the use regularity of excipient by text mining techniques. Relevant books of Mongolian medicine processing were consulted to collect data on Mongolian medicine processing methods and excipient, and select data based on processing methods and excipient noun frequency statistics. Microsoft Excel 2010 software was used for statistical analysis and mining for the usage regularity of different types of Mongolian medicinal materials in different periods. And Cytoscape 3.6.1 software was used for visual presentation. The topological analysis showed the top five processing methods were net production, development, frying, calcining and cooking, and the top five processing excipient were fresh milk, wine, urine, cream and mineral borax. Frequency analysis showed that the plant medicinal materials were mostly recorded in the 18~(th) and 21~(st) centuries, especially in the 21 st century; the processing methods mostly contained water processing, repair processing and other methods. The mineral medicinal materials were mostly recorded in the 18~(th), 19~(th) and 21~(st) centuries; most of the processing methods were the fire processing method. The animal medicinal materials were recorded in the 18~(th), 19~(th) and 21~(st) century; the fire processing method occupied a major position, and the repair processing and the grinding processing were markedly increased in the 21~(st) century. In the use of excipient, liquid excipient were mostly used in plant medicines. Solid excipient were most commonly used in the 18~(th) century. Animal excipient were mostly used during the processing in the 18~(th) century. The use of liquid excipient gradually increased in the 19~(th) and 21~(st) centuries. This study summarizes the traditional processing methods of Mongolian medicine and the usage regularity of excipient, defines the characteristics of Mongolian medicine processing methods and excipient, and the characteristics of the combination of medicinal materials and excipient, so as to provide reference for the clinical use of Mongolian medicine.

关键词(KeyWords): 蒙古族药;炮制;文本挖掘;炮制辅料;使用规律
Mongolian medicine;processing;data mining;processing excipient;use regularity

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 重大公共卫生专项(2100409);; 2019年中医药公共卫生服务补助专项(财社[2019] 39号)

作者(Author): 张磊;郭文芳;梁慧;朱翔慧;娜布其;许谨帆;张春红;李旻辉;
ZHANG Lei;GUO Wen-fang;LIANG Hui;ZHU Xiang-hui;NA Bu-qi;XU Jin-fan;ZHANG Chun-hong;LI Min-hui;Inner Mongolia Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine;Inner Mongolia Medical University;Baotou Medical College;Inner Mongolia Key Laboratory of Characteristic Geoherbs Resources Protection and Utilization;

Email:

DOI:

参考文献(References):

扩展功能
本文信息
服务与反馈
本文关键词相关文章
本文作者相关文章
中国知网
分享