中国中药杂志

2017, v.42(22) 4314-4318

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基于全国中药资源普查(试点)阶段成果的中药资源种类丰富度空间差异性分布特征研究
Study on spatial distribution characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine resource species richness based on national census of Chinese medicine resources(pilot)

张小波;王慧;景志贤;李梦;郭兰萍;黄璐琦;
ZHANG Xiao-bo;WANG-Hui;JING Zhi-xian;LI Meng;GUO Lan-ping;HUANG Lu-qi;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs,National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medical,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;

摘要(Abstract):

基于普查队填报到"全国中药资源普查信息管理系统"中的数据,采用全局空间自相关分析方法,对全国各县中药资源种类丰富度的相似性进行分析,结果显示:全国范围内中药资源种类丰富度高或低的县,具有趋于集中分布的特点。其中,中药资源种类丰富度较低的地区,集中分布在长江以北、西北和西藏的大部分地区;中药资源种类丰富度较高的地区,集中分布在长江以南的地区。采用空间插值和半变异函数对,对全国各县中药资源种类丰富度的差异性进行分析,结果显示:区域之间中药资源种类丰富度存在较大的差异。由于县域之间国土面积和中药资源种类的丰富度存在较大差异,因此:建议在采用"因素法"分配各省的第四次全国中药资源普查经费时,增加各地需要开展中药资源普查的国土面积和中药资源丰富度等指标,以充分发挥转移支付制度的效率。基于县域面积和中药资源种类丰富度,结合全国中药资源普查试点工作的开展情况,建议后续在开展全国中药资源普查工作中,在人员队伍、经费保障、成果汇总等方面对西部、南部省份应该重点给予关注和支持。
Based on the data collected by the census team in the national census information management system,the spatial autocorrelation analysis method was used to analyze the similarity of the richness of Chinese herbal medicine resources in the investigated counties. The results showed that the species richness in the investigated counties appeared a tendency to focus on the distribution of the characteristics. Among them,the areas with sparse resources are concentrated in most areas of the north of the Yangtze River,northwest and most areas of Tibet. The areas with abundant resources are concentrated in the areas south of the Yangtze River. The results showed that there were significant differences in the abundance of traditional Chinese medicine resources between regions. The results showed that there were significant differences in the abundance of traditional Chinese medicine resources between regions. Due to the large differences in the land area between the county and the richness of the types of traditional Chinese medicine resources,it is proposed to increase the land area of the traditional Chinese medicine resource census when allocating the fourth national census of Chinese medicine resources by the " factor method",and the richness of traditional Chinese medicine and other indicators,in order to give full play to the efficiency of transfer payment system. Based on the county area and the rich variety of traditional Chinese medicine resources,combined with the national drug resources census pilot work carried out,it is recommended to focus on attention and support in the national medicine resources census work,personnel team,funding,summary of results on the western and southern provinces.

关键词(KeyWords): 地统计分析;中药资源种类;分布空间;差异研究
statistical analysis;Chinese medicine resource types;distribution space;difference research

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 中央本级重大增减支项目(2060302);; 科技基础性工作专项(2013FY114500);; 中医药全国性专项(ZZYZK2013-科技司A-004)

作者(Author): 张小波;王慧;景志贤;李梦;郭兰萍;黄璐琦;
ZHANG Xiao-bo;WANG-Hui;JING Zhi-xian;LI Meng;GUO Lan-ping;HUANG Lu-qi;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs,National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medical,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;

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