中国中药杂志

2017, v.42(22) 4336-4340

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吉林省中药资源种类空间分布差异研究
Spatial differences of Chinese material medicine resources species in Jilin province

张小波;邱智东;王慧;景志贤;郭兰萍;曲晓波;黄璐琦;
ZHANG Xiao-bo;QIU Zhi-dong;WANG Hui;JING Zhi-xian;GUO Lan-ping;QU Xiao-bo;HUANG Lu-qi;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs,National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medical,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;College of Pharmacy,Changchun University of Chinese Medicine;

摘要(Abstract):

区域之间自然条件、社会资源等差异,决定了区域间中药资源的差异性分布。中药资源种类分布的时空演变是中药产业发展过程在时间和空间上的表现形式,研究区域中药资源分布的时空演变过程,可以揭示中药资源空间分布的规律性。县域作为全国中药资源普查的基本单元,县与县之间的资源禀赋差异,对合理制定中药资源政策、实行区域资源、环境的协调发展具有十分重要的意义。该研究基于吉林省中药资源普查试点工作阶段成果,选取51个已经完成中药资源普查工作的县,根据中药资源种类,运用探索性空间数据分析(ESDA)、趋势面分析、空间变异函数等地统计分析技术对吉林省县域中药资源多样性进行研究,分析中药资源丰富程度的空间差异特性。结果显示:吉林省中药资源种类丰富度较高的地区,总体上分布在东部和东南部,区域内植被类型主要以阔叶林为主;中药资源种类丰富度较低的地区,总体上分布在长春和吉林市行政中心附近,多为城市建成区,区域内植被类型以栽培植被为主。
The differences in the spatial distribution of regional Chinese material medicine resources between regions are determined by differences in natural conditions and social resources among different regions. Spatiotemporal evolution of the distribution of Chinese material medicine resources is a manifestation of the development process of Chinese medicine industry in time and space. The spatiotemporal evolution of the distribution of regional Chinese material medicine resources can reveal the regularity of spatial distribution of Chinese material medicine resources. County as the basic unit of the national material medicine resources census,the difference of resource endowment is of great significance to the rational development of Chinese material medicine resources policy and the coordinated development of regional resources and environment. Based on the results of the pilot project of Jilin province,this study selected 51 counties that had completed the census of Chinese material medicine resources. According to the species of Chinese material medicine resources,we explored the diversity of Chinese material medicine resources in Jilin province by using statistical data analysis( ESDA),trend surface analysis and spatial variability function to analyze the spatial differences of Chinese material medicine resources. Chinese material medicine resources are distributed in the eastern and southeastern part of Jilin province,mostly in the Changbai Mountains.The species of Chinese material medicine resources tend to be low-value spatial aggregation; the overall cold spots are located in Changchun and Jilin city,near the administrative center,mostly urban built-up area. The rich areas of Chinese material medicine resources are rich in hot spots,mainly in broad-leaved forest. The low-abundance of Chinese material medicine resources is dominated by culti-vated vegetation.

关键词(KeyWords): 地统计分析;中药资源种类;空间分布;差异
geostatistical analysis;species of chinese material medicine resources;spatial distribution;difference

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 中央本级重大增减支项目(2060302);; 科技基础性工作专项(2013FY114500);; 中医药全国性专项(ZZYZK2013-科技司A-004)

作者(Author): 张小波;邱智东;王慧;景志贤;郭兰萍;曲晓波;黄璐琦;
ZHANG Xiao-bo;QIU Zhi-dong;WANG Hui;JING Zhi-xian;GUO Lan-ping;QU Xiao-bo;HUANG Lu-qi;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs,National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medical,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;College of Pharmacy,Changchun University of Chinese Medicine;

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DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.2017.0180

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