中国中药杂志

2003, (12)

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生姜、地黄鲜榨汁保鲜技术研究
Study on the Preserving Techniques of Squeezed Juice of Fresh Ginger and Glutinous Rehannia

杨桦,郝近大,李计萍,易红,马华
YANG Hua, HAO Jin-da, LI Ji-ping, YI Hong, MA Hua (Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100700, China)

摘要(Abstract):

目的 :以生姜、鲜地黄为对象 ,研究新鲜中药汁的保鲜技术 ,为中医临床应用鲜药提供保鲜技术。方法 :将鲜药榨汁后 ,分别应用冷藏、速冻、60 ℃ γ射线辐照灭菌、冷冻干燥、喷雾干燥等方法进行保鲜实验 ,选出适宜的方法 ,并对贮存前后的样品进行有效成分的含量测定。结果 :鲜药汁分装后速冻冷藏保鲜方法简便、成本低廉。对于成分不稳定的药物 ,可应用冷冻干燥或喷雾干燥的方法使药汁干燥后 ,更便于储存。贮存期可达 1年。结论 :应用现代科学技术手段对新鲜中药汁进行保鲜是可行的。
Objective: To study the preserve techniques of squeezed juice of Chinese medicinal materials. Method: The techniques of refrigeration, rapid freezing, 60 Coγ-ray sterilization, freeze-drying and spray-drying were used for preservation of squeezed juice of Ginger and Glutinous Rehannia. Different results were compared. Result:The period of preservation was half or one year. Conclusion: The rapid freezing, freeze-drying and spray-drying are suitable for preservation of squeezed juice of Chinese medicinal materials .

关键词(KeyWords): 生姜;鲜地黄;鲜药榨汁;保鲜技术
Ginger; Glutinous Rehannia; squeezed juice ;preserving technique

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然基金资助项目 (3 95 70 875 )

作者(Author): 杨桦,郝近大,李计萍,易红,马华
YANG Hua, HAO Jin-da, LI Ji-ping, YI Hong, MA Hua (Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100700, China)

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