中国中药杂志

2020, v.45(09) 1982-1989

[打印本页] [关闭]
本期目录(Current Issue) | 过刊浏览(Past Issue) | 高级检索(Advanced Search)

基于区域分布的常见中药材生态种植模式
Pattern of ecological planting for Chinese materia medica based on regional distribution

康传志;吕朝耕;黄璐琦;王升;王红阳;张文晋;王瑞杉;王铁霖;孙嘉惠;周涛;郭兰萍;
KANG Chuan-zhi;LYU Chao-geng;HUANG Lu-qi;WANG Sheng;WANG Hong-yang;ZHANG Wen-jin;WANG Rui-shan;WANG Tie-lin;SUN Jia-hui;ZHOU Tao;GUO Lan-ping;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs, National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Guiyang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;

摘要(Abstract):

中药生态农业作为环境友好型农业,正在全国各地如火如荼的推行。由于中药材生产对自然环境条件的依赖性很强,中药生态农业在生产实践中表现出明显的地域差异。该文收集整理了各区域较为成熟的代表性中药材生态种植模式,如药粮间套作、轮作种植模式,林下种植模式,野生抚育种植模式和景观生态种植模式等,参考《全国道地药材生产基地建设规划(2018—2025年)》和《中国中药区划》,结合生产实践,对全国8大区域的中药材生态种植模式进行系统梳理,提出了各地中药材生态种植模式有:东北地区的人参林下种植模式、华北地区的连翘仿野生种植模式、华东地区的浙贝母-水稻轮作栽培模式、华中地区的黄精林下仿野生种植模式、华南地区的阳春砂林下种植模式、西南地区的川芎-水稻水旱轮作模式、西北地区的甘草野生抚育种植模式以及青藏地区唐古特大黄仿野生种植模式等。通过梳理全国各区域常见中药材生态种植模式,以期为各分布区域内其他中药材的生态种植模式的筛选和推广应用提供参考。
As an environment-friendly agriculture, ecological agriculture of Chinese materia medica(CMM) is being implemented in all parts of the country. Due to the stronger dependence on natural environmental conditions, ecological agriculture of CMM shows obvious regional differences in production practice. More mature CMM ecological planting patterns representative of each region were collected. It was found that common types of patterns in various regions of the country mainly included intercropping,intercropping,rotation planting mode, undergrowth planting mode, wild tending planting mode and landscape ecological planting mode. Based on the Construction Plan of National Dao-di Herbs Production Base(2018—2025) and Chinese Medicine Division, this paper systematically sorts out the pattern of ecological planting of CMM in the 8-avenue medicinal materials production areas according to the varieties and regions. The specific pattern of ecological planting of CMM included the ginseng undergrowth planting pattern in northeastern China, the bionics wild ecological planting of the Forsythia suspensa in northern China, the Fritillaria thunbergii-rice rotation in eastern China, the imitation wild planting pattern under the Polygonatum cyrtonema in central China, the planting pattern of the Fructus amomi under forest in southern China, the Ligusticum chuanxiong-rice rotation pattern in the Southwest, wild tending of Glycyrrhiza uralensis in the Northwest, and rhubarb imitation wild planting pattern in Qinghai-Tibet area. Finally, it is expected to provide reference for the screening and popularization of ecological planting patterns of other CMMs in various distribution areas.

关键词(KeyWords): 道地药材;生态农业;中药材生态种植;区域分布;模式
Dao-di herbs;ecological agriculture;ecological planting of Chinese materia medica;regional distribution;pattern

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金重大项目(81891014);; 国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC1700701);; 中国中医科学院重点领域研究项目(ZZ10-027);; 中央本级重大增减支项目(2060302);; 国家发改委标准化项目(ZYBZH-C-HLJ-17,ZYBZH-C-GD-07);; 现代农业产业技术体系建设专项(CARS-21);; 中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项(ZZ13-YQ-096)

作者(Author): 康传志;吕朝耕;黄璐琦;王升;王红阳;张文晋;王瑞杉;王铁霖;孙嘉惠;周涛;郭兰萍;
KANG Chuan-zhi;LYU Chao-geng;HUANG Lu-qi;WANG Sheng;WANG Hong-yang;ZHANG Wen-jin;WANG Rui-shan;WANG Tie-lin;SUN Jia-hui;ZHOU Tao;GUO Lan-ping;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs, National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Guiyang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;

Email:

DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20200302.103

参考文献(References):

扩展功能
本文信息
服务与反馈
本文关键词相关文章
本文作者相关文章
中国知网
分享