中国中药杂志

2021, v.46(18) 4689-4696

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遥感技术在药用植物资源中的应用研究
Application of remote sensing technology in medicinal plant resources

郭静霞;张明旭;王聪聪;张茹;史婷婷;王新月;张小波;李旻辉;
GUO Jing-xia;ZHANG Ming-xu;WANG Cong-cong;ZHANG Ru;SHI Ting-ting;WANG Xin-yue;ZHANG Xiao-bo;LI Min-hui;Baotou Medical College;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs, National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Academy of Chinese Medicine;Key Laboratory of Resourceology of Chinese Medicinal Materials;Inner Mongolia Engineering Research Center of the Planting and Development of Astragalus membranaceus o

摘要(Abstract):

药用植物可持续利用是中医药事业传承的根本,获取药用植物的信息是中医药事业发展的基础。传统调查药用植物资源的方法,存在主观性强和时效性差等弊端,难以满足实时监测药用植物资源。近年来,遥感技术成为获取药用植物信息的重要手段,这一技术的应用弥补了传统方法的不足。中分辨率遥感卫星等数据的免费开放,为提取药用植物资源信息的发展提供了机遇。该研究首先概述遥感技术的原理,对药用植物资源领域中常用的卫星类型、参数进行归纳总结,并将遥感技术调查方法与传统方法相比较;其次,论述了遥感技术在药用植物种植信息提取的研究和目前基于遥感技术提取药用植物种植结构信息的常用方法;再次,根据生境特点将研究对象分为野生和栽培药用植物后,深入剖析遥感技术在药用植物调查和监测中的应用;最后,指出了目前药用植物资源遥感监测中尚需解决的关键技术问题,并就如何实现药用植物遥感大数据智能化信息处理提出了解决思路,以期为遥感技术在药用植物资源中的衍生应用发展提供参考。
The sustainable use of medicinal plants is the foundation of the inheritance of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and the acquisition of information on medicinal plants is the basis for the development of TCM. The traditional methods of investigating medicinal plant resources are disadvantageous in strong subjectivity and poor timeliness, making it difficult to real-time monitor medicinal plant resources. In recent years, remote sensing technology has become an important means of obtaining information on medicinal plants. The application of this technology has made up for the shortcomings of traditional methods. The open-access remote sensing data with medium spatial resolution satellites provide an opportunity for extracting information on medicinal plant resources. This study firstly introduced the principles of remote sensing technology, summarized the satellites and the parameters commonly used in the field of medicinal plant resources, and compared the survey methods of remote sensing technology with traditional methods. Secondly, it reviewed the applications of remote sensing technology in the extraction of information on the cultivation of medicinal plants and the common methods for extracting the planting structure information of medicinal plants based on remote sensing technology. Thirdly, the applications of remote sensing technology in the investigation and monitoring of medicinal plants were further analyzed with the research objects divided into wild and cultivated medicinal plants according to the characteristics of the habitats. Finally, it pointed out the key unsolved technical problems in the remote sensing monitoring of medicinal plant resources, and proposed solutions for the intelligent information processing of medicinal plants based on remote sensing big data, which is expected to provide references for the development of remote sensing technology in derivative application in medicinal plant resources.

关键词(KeyWords): 遥感技术;药用植物;种植信息;深度学习
remote sensing technology;medicinal plant;planting information;deep learning

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金项目(M1942003);; 包头医学院花蕾项目(HL2020033)

作者(Authors): 郭静霞;张明旭;王聪聪;张茹;史婷婷;王新月;张小波;李旻辉;
GUO Jing-xia;ZHANG Ming-xu;WANG Cong-cong;ZHANG Ru;SHI Ting-ting;WANG Xin-yue;ZHANG Xiao-bo;LI Min-hui;Baotou Medical College;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs, National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Academy of Chinese Medicine;Key Laboratory of Resourceology of Chinese Medicinal Materials;Inner Mongolia Engineering Research Center of the Planting and Development of Astragalus membranaceus o

DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20210620.101

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