中国中药杂志

2021, v.46(04) 786-791

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基于中西医临床病症特点的心力衰竭动物模型分析
Analysis of animal models of heart failure based on characteristics of clinical symptoms of traditional Chinese and Western medicine

张瑾;李秀敏;苗明三;
ZHANG Jin;LI Xiu-min;MIAO Ming-san;Henan University of Chinese Medicine;

摘要(Abstract):

心力衰竭(heart failure,HF)发病率逐年升高,其对病人的生活质量和预期寿命都有不良影响。复制出符合临床病症特点的动物模型是开展心力衰竭相关实验研究的前提。基于心力衰竭的中医、西医临床病症特点,对现有的常用心力衰竭动物模型进行探讨,以心力衰竭中西医临床诊断标准为依据,分析已有动物模型的临床吻合度。经分析对比可知,目前已有的造模方法中,多为单因素动物模型,与临床多因素、相互作用共同导致心力衰竭的特点存在一定差距,且造模方法多以西医为指导,在造模过程中缺少中医致病因素,与临床上心力衰竭的中、西医诊断标准仍存在一定差异。从辨证分型来看,中医将心力衰竭主要分为心肺气虚证、气阴两亏证、心肾阳虚证、气虚血瘀证、阳虚水泛证、痰饮阻肺证、阴竭阳脱证,已有的动物模型多将其混为一谈,至今尚无有效且公认的造模方法,在中医药相关研究中存在较大局限性。因此,该文以心力衰竭中、西医临床病症特点为依据,分析已有动物模型,明确其优缺点及应用前景,进而提为心力衰竭相应动物模型的进一步完善、模型评价的规范化提出建议,以提高动物模型与中、西医的临床吻合度,使心力衰竭动物模型更好地服务于科研工作,促进相关机制研究、病理变化研究及药物的筛选。
The incidence of heart failure has increased year by year, with a negative impact on quality of life and life expectancy of patients. Reproduction of animal models that meet the characteristics of clinical symptoms is a prerequisite for conducting experimental studies relating to heart failure. Based on the characteristics of clinical symptoms of heart failure in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and Western medicine, the existing common animal models of heart failure were explored, and the clinical anastomosis of the existing animal models was analyzed based on the clinical diagnostic criteria of heart failure in TCM and Western medicine. After analysis and comparison, it can be seen that the existing modeling methods are mostly single-factor animal models, with certain gaps between the characteristics of clinical multi-factors and interactions that jointly lead to heart failure, and the modeling methods were mostly guided by Western medicine, with a lack of TCM pathogenic factors in the model process, which is different from the clinical diagnostic criteria of Chinese and Western medicine for heart failure. In terms of syndrome differentiation, heart failure is classified into heart and lung Qi deficiency syndrome, Qi and Yin deficiency syndrome, heart and kidney Yang deficiency syndrome, Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome, Yang deficiency and water flooding syndrome, phlegm-drinking obstructive lung syndrome, Yin and yang exhausted syndrome. The existing animal models mostly confused them, with no effective and recognized method for modeling at present. There are major limitations in studies of Chinese medicine. Therefore, based on clinical characteristics of heart failure in Chinese and Western medicine, this article analyzed the existing animal models, defined their advantages and disadvantages and application prospects, and then suggested further improving the corresponding animal models of heart failure and standardizing the model evaluation, so as to improve the clinical coincidence between animal models and Chinese and Western medicine, make heart failure animal models better serve scientific studies, and promote relevant mechanism studies, pathological change studies and drug screening.

关键词(KeyWords): 吻合度;动物模型;临床;病症特点;心力衰竭
coincidence degree;animal model;clinical;disease characteristics;heart failure

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家国际合作基地项目(2016-65);; 河南省杰出外籍科学家工作室项目(GZS2019006);; 中原学者项目(162101510003)

作者(Author): 张瑾;李秀敏;苗明三;
ZHANG Jin;LI Xiu-min;MIAO Ming-san;Henan University of Chinese Medicine;

Email:

DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20200917.602

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