中国中药杂志

2017, v.42(14) 2814-2819

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中成药产业区域分布特征及变化趋势分析
Analysis on regional distribution characteristics and changing trend of Chinese patent medicine industry

王慧;张小波;赵宇平;史婷婷;杨光;
WANG Hui;ZHANG Xiao-bo;ZHAO Yu-ping;SHI Ting-ting;YANG Guang;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs,National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;

摘要(Abstract):

该研究通过收集和整理全国31个省区直辖市2005—2014年的中成药工业销售产值,利用统计学中的描述性统计分析方法,分析了10年来中成药工业销售产值的区域分布特征和变化趋势。结果表明,吉林、山东、江西、四川、广东工业销售产值占全国比例最大,而宁夏仅占全国的0.04%。安徽省的数据波动最大,变异系数高达102.03%。宁夏的中成药工业销售产值年均增长率最低,仅为-1.09%。通过对四大经济区域中成药工业销售产值的统计分析,数据集中趋势为东部>西部>中部>东北,数据波动情况为东北>中部>西部>东部,年均增长率从大到小依次为东北>中部>西部>东部。该研究有利于理解各省区直辖市及各经济区域中成药工业销售产值的差异,为正确认识和深入探索影响中成药工业销售产值的因素奠定基础。该研究对中药资源的管理和经济学研究具有参考价值。
Through the collection and collation of the industrial sales output values of Chinese patent medicines in 31 provinces of China from 2005 to 2014,the regional distribution characteristics and changing trend of Chinese patent medicine industry in the past ten years were analyzed by using the descriptive statistical analysis method in statistics. The results showed that the industrial sales output values of Chinese patent medicines in Jilin,Shandong,Jiangxi,Sichuan and Guangdong accounted for the largest proportion of the country,while Ningxia accounted for only 0. 04% of the whole country. Anhui Province had the largest fluctuations in data,and its coefficient of variation was as high as 102. 03%. The average annual growth rate of the industrial sales output value of Chinese patent medicines was lowest in Ningxia,only-1. 09%. Based on the statistical analysis of the industrial sales output value of Chinese patent medicines in four major economic regions,the data concentration trend was as follows: east > west > central > northeast; the data fluctuation trend was northeast > central > west > east,and the average annual growth rate from large to small was northeast >central > west > east. This study was conducive to understand the differencesin the industrial sales output value of Chinese patent medicines among various provinces and economic regions,and to lay the foundation for the correct understanding and in-depth exploration of the factors that may affect the industrial sales output value of Chinese patent medicines. This study has reference value for the management and economic research of traditional Chinese medicine resources.

关键词(KeyWords): 中成药;工业销售产值;描述性统计分析;区域分布特征;变化趋势
Chinese patent medicine;industrial sales output value;descriptive statistical analysis;regional distribution characteristics;changing trend

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 中央本级重大增减支项目(2060302);; 环境保护部生物专项(16-02);; 科技基础性工作专项(2013FY114500);; 国家卫生计生委药政司委托课题(药政[2016]24号)

作者(Author): 王慧;张小波;赵宇平;史婷婷;杨光;
WANG Hui;ZHANG Xiao-bo;ZHAO Yu-ping;SHI Ting-ting;YANG Guang;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs,National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;

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