中国中药杂志

2021, v.46(06) 1339-1344

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菊花农药残留研究进展
Research progress of pesticide residues in Chrysanthemum

杨丹;王珊;胡云飞;张永欣;冯伟红;朱晶晶;王智民;
YANG Dan;WANG Shan;HU Yun-fei;ZHANG Yong-xin;FENG Wei-hong;ZHU Jing-jing;WANG Zhi-min;Institute of Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Shaanxi International Business College;Bozhou University;

摘要(Abstract):

菊花作为"药食同源"的中药,在市场中具有重要地位。由于菊花病虫害发生较多,农药使用种类、频率、剂量等缺乏规范,农药残留已成为菊花药材的主要外源污染物之一,近年来,菊花农残检出率偏高,农残超标风险较大,值得关注。目前针对菊花农药残留的研究较少,该研究查阅近年来国内外发表的相关文献,对菊花常用的农药种类、农药残留的检测技术、农药残留风险评估方法进行了文献整理和分析。中药材的农药残留主要为有机氯类、有机磷类和拟除虫菊酯类,检测技术以气相色谱(GC)、液相色谱(LC)或两者与质谱(MS)联用为主。随着中药材的使用日益广泛,菊花作为常用中药在市场上也大量流通,因此了解不同品种菊花农药残留的现状具有重要意义,为控制菊花药材的质量安全及制定最大残留限量提供理论参考。
Chrysanthemum is widely used as a type of edible flower and also considered as the important materials of many beverages in China. Due to the occurrence of diseases and pests, and the lack of regulations for species, frequency, dose of pesticides in Chrysanthemum, pesticides have become one of the main pollutants in Chrysanthemum. The pesticide residues in Chrysanthemum were detected frequently and worth noting. This paper focused on the types of pesticides, pesticide residue detection techniques, and risk assessment methods for Chrysanthemums on the basis of relevant literatures. The pesticide residues of traditional Chinese medicine are mainly organochlorines, organophosphorus and pyrethroids, and the detection techniques include gas chromatography(GC), liquid chromatography(LC) or both combined with mass spectrometry(MS). With the increasing use of traditional Chinese medicine, Chrysanthemum is widely circulated in the market. Therefore, it is important to understand the current situation of pesticide residues in different varieties of Chrysanthemum, so as to provide theoretical reference for the control of quality and safety of Chrysanthemum and the formulation of the maximum residue limit.

关键词(KeyWords): 菊花;农药残留;风险评估;安全性
Chrysanthemum;pesticide residue;risk assessment;safety

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC1701902,2017YFC1701903)

作者(Author): 杨丹;王珊;胡云飞;张永欣;冯伟红;朱晶晶;王智民;
YANG Dan;WANG Shan;HU Yun-fei;ZHANG Yong-xin;FENG Wei-hong;ZHU Jing-jing;WANG Zhi-min;Institute of Chinese Materia Medica,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Shaanxi International Business College;Bozhou University;

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DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20201123.602

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