中国中药杂志

2020, v.45(21) 5143-5149

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内蒙古阴山地区药用植物资源种类空间分布差异研究
Differences in spatial distribution of medicinal plant resources in Yinshan region of Inner Mongolia

张明旭;景志贤;史婷婷;周保昌;张春红;张小波;李旻辉;
ZHANG Ming-xu;JING Zhi-xian;SHI Ting-ting;ZHOU Bao-chang;ZHANG Chun-hong;ZHANG Xiao-bo;LI Min-hui;Baotou Medical College;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs, National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Inner Mongolia Medical University;Inner Mongolia Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine;

摘要(Abstract):

阴山山脉屹立在内蒙古高原的南部边缘,东西绵延长达1 200 km,南北宽达50~100 km,其变化丰富的地形环境造就了多种多样的植被区系,使得该地区的药用植物资源种类具有不平衡分布的特点。研究阴山地区各旗、县、区间的药用植物资源种类空间分布差异,对合理制定药用植物资源保护政策、促进药用植物产业的发展具有重要意义。该研究以内蒙古地区的第四次全国中药资源普查阶段性成果为基础,统计阴山地区31个旗、县、区的药用植物资源种类数据。运用探索性空间数据分析(ESDA)、趋势面分析、空间自相关、地理探测器等地统计学方法对内蒙古阴山地区药用植物资源种类的空间分布差异情况进行分析,明确阴山地区药用植物资源种类丰富程度在空间上的总体变化趋势和聚集程度。结果显示,阴山地区药用植物资源种类丰富度最高且聚集分布的地区位于固阳县、包头市石拐区、土默特右旗、托克托县;药用植物资源种类丰富度较高且聚集分布的地区位于乌拉特前旗、乌拉特中旗和乌拉特后旗;药用植物资源种类丰富度较低且聚集分布的地区,位于包头市青山区、呼和浩特市赛罕区和玉泉区;药用植物资源丰富度最低且聚集分布的地区位于呼和浩特市新城区和回民区。多种生态因子的水平分布差异、河流特殊的湿地环境、海拔的垂直差异和农田等因素对药用植物资源种类丰富程度有重要的影响。
Yinshan Mountains stands on the southern edge of the Inner Mongolia Plateau, which stretches 1 200 km from east to west and 50 to 100 km from north to south. The rich and varied topographic environment of the Yinshan Mountains has created a variety of vegetation floras, which also makes the species of medicinal plant resources in this area unevenly distributed. Therefore, studying the spatial distribution difference of medicinal plant resources among various banners, counties, and districts in the Yinshan area is of great significance to formulate the protection policy and promote the industry development of medicinal plant. This study is based on the fourth national survey of traditional Chinese medicine resources in Inner Mongolia, regarding the results of the third national survey of traditional Chinese medicine resources. The species of medicinal plant resources in the Yinshan area around 31 banners, counties and districts were counted in detail. Then, using exploratory spatial data analysis(ESDA), trend surface analysis, spatial autocorrelation, geographical detector and other geostatistical analysis methods to analyze the differences in the spatial distribution of medicinal plant resources of the Yinshan area in Inner Mongolia. After discussing and analyzing the experimental results to account for the reasons for the overall trend of change and the degree of aggregation, the author further put forward relevant constructive suggestions. The results show that the areas with the most abundant and concentrated distribution of medicinal plant resources in the Yinshan area are located in Guyang county, Shiguai District of Baotou city, Tutou right banner, and Tuoketuo county; the higher richness and concentrated distribution of medicinal plant resources is in Wulate front banner, Wulate middle banner, Wulate back banner; areas with relatively low abundance and concentrated distribution of medicinal plant resources located in Qingshan district of Baotou city, Saihan district and Yuquan district of Hohhot city; areas with the lowest abundance and concentrated distribution of medicinal plant resources are located in Xincheng district and Huimin district of Hohhot city. It can be concluded that the horizontal distribution difference of multiple ecological factors, the special wetland environment of the river, the vertical difference of elevation, the farmland and other factors have an important influence on the richness of the medicinal plant resources species.

关键词(KeyWords): 阴山地区;药用植物资源;地统计学方法;空间分布差异;生物多样性
Yinshan area;medicinal plant resources;geostatistical analysis;spatial distribution difference;biodiversity

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金项目(81874336);; 2019年医疗服务与保障能力提升补助资金项目(财社[2019]39号);; 现代农业产业技术体系建设专项(CARS-21);; “十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAI28B02);; 科技基础性工作专项(2013FY114500);; 国家中医药管理局委托项目(GZY-KJS-2018-004,GZY-KJS-2019-001);; 国家“重大新药创制”科技重大专项(2019ZX09201-005)

作者(Author): 张明旭;景志贤;史婷婷;周保昌;张春红;张小波;李旻辉;
ZHANG Ming-xu;JING Zhi-xian;SHI Ting-ting;ZHOU Bao-chang;ZHANG Chun-hong;ZHANG Xiao-bo;LI Min-hui;Baotou Medical College;State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di Herbs, National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences;Inner Mongolia Medical University;Inner Mongolia Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine;

Email:

DOI: 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20200802.101

参考文献(References):

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