山豆根的安全性评价与风险控制措施的探讨
投稿时间:2017-08-19    责任编辑:  点此下载全文
引用本文:陈丹,高学敏,张力,付璐,姚骏凯,王蕾蕾,孙晓波,王景霞.山豆根的安全性评价与风险控制措施的探讨[J].中国中药杂志,2017,42(21):4086.
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作者中文名作者英文名单位中文名单位英文名E-Mail
陈丹 CHEN Dan 北京中医药大学, 北京 100029 Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China  
高学敏 GAO Xue-min 北京中医药大学, 北京 100029 Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China  
张力 ZHANG Li 北京中医药大学 东方医院, 北京 100078 Dongfang Hospital Affiliated to Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100078, China  
付璐 FU Lu 北京中医药大学, 北京 100029 Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China  
姚骏凯 YAO Jun-kai 北京中医药大学, 北京 100029 Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China  
王蕾蕾 WANG Lei-lei 北京中医药大学, 北京 100029 Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China  
孙晓波 SUN Xiao-bo 中国医学科学院 药用植物研究所, 北京 100193 Institute of Medicinal Plants, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100193, China  
王景霞 WANG Jing-xia 北京中医药大学, 北京 100029 Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China wjx20131210@163.com 
基金项目:国家中医药管理局中医药行业科研专项(201507004-1)
中文摘要:该文从本草溯源及考证、现代文献毒性记载及近年来相关毒性实验研究等方面对山豆根的安全性文献进行了系统回顾和分析。研究提示,山豆根的毒性主要累及神经系统、消化系统和呼吸系统,且呼吸衰竭可能是致死的直接原因。主要症状为:头痛、头晕、呕吐、恶心、腹痛、四肢无力、心悸、胸闷;重者表现为面色苍白、四肢颤抖、抽搐、发冷、心跳加快、血压下降、休克、呼吸衰竭而死亡。若患者大量、长时间服用,可能造成严重的脑损害,尤其是青少年及儿童病例较多。笔者提出规范临床用药,避免患者轻信偏方、验方随意用于预防感冒和治疗咽喉疼痛,临床医师严格按照药典推荐用法用量处方,是充分发挥疗效规避用药风险的重要措施。并建议今后应注重山豆根中毒后常规救治方法的探讨,同时加强毒性物质基础、毒性机制和增效减毒等研究,以期使山豆根充分发挥疗效的同时减少临床不良反应。
中文关键词:山豆根  安全性评价  不良反应  风险控制
 
Safety evaluation of Sophora tonkinensis and risk control
Abstract:The aim is to systemically review and evaluate the safety of Sophora tonkinensis from the literature on the herbal origin, toxicity record in modern literature and toxicological studies and publications in recent years. By systematic review and analysis, the results showed that its toxicity mainly involved the nervous system, the digestive system and the respiratory system, and respiratory failure may be the direct cause of death. The main symptoms included headache, dizziness, vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, limbs weakness, palpitation, and chest distress; as well as pale complexion, limbs trembling, convulsions, chills, high heart rate, fall of blood pressure, shock, and respiratory failure to death in severe cases. High dose and long term medication may cause serious brain damage, especially in adolescents and children. The authors have proposed to use rationally under guidance of physician and strictly according to the dosage recommended by pharmacopoeia. The patients shall not be credulous about the folk prescriptions and test recipes to use it for,prevention of colds and treatment of sore throat at will. In addition, the researches on the conventional treatment methods for S. tonkinensis poisoning, the toxic substance basis, and toxicity mechanism shall be strengthened in further studies. These efforts will play important role in exerting the drug effect and avoiding side effect.
keywords:Sophora tonkinensis  safety evaluation  adverse drug reaction  risk control
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