蜡梅科植物化学成分及其药理活性研究进展
投稿时间:2017-12-13  修订日期:2017-12-29  责任编辑:  点此下载全文
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作者中文名作者英文名单位中文名单位英文名E-Mail
徐金标 Xu Jin-biao 丽水市农业科学研究院 Lishui Institute of Agricultural and Sciences xujinbiao2015@126.com 
潘俊杰 Pan Jun-jie 丽水市农业科学研究院 Lishui Institute of Agricultural and Sciences junjpan@163.com 
吕群丹 Lv Qun-dan 丽水市农业科学研究院 Lishui Institute of Agricultural and Sciences 3381563@qq.com 
程科军* Cheng Ke-jun 丽水市农业科学研究院 Lishui Institute of Agricultural and Sciences chengkejun2011@126.com 
基金项目:浙江省自然科学基金,丽水市农业科技专项,丽水市科技项目
中文摘要:蜡梅科包括蜡梅属、夏蜡梅属、美国蜡梅属和奇子树属四个属。蜡梅科植物广泛分布于中国、北美和澳大利亚,不仅具有极佳的观赏价值,也具有重要的药食价值。蜡梅科植物中含有丰富的挥发性成分,还有较多的生物碱、倍半萜和香豆素类成分,其中二聚吡咯并吲哚型、二聚哌啶并喹啉型生物碱,二聚、三聚香豆素类成分是其特征性成分。本文着重于蜡梅科中非挥发性成分,包括生物碱类、萜类、黄酮类、香豆素类、甾体类等的化学结构及其药理活性进行系统性综述,以期为蜡梅科植物的进一步研究和开发提供参考。
中文关键词:蜡梅科  非挥发性成分  化学结构  药理活性
 
Research advances on chemical constituents from Calycanthaceae plants and their pharmacological activities
Abstract:Calycanthaceae family comprises of four genera including Chimonanthus, Sinocalycanthus, Calycanthus, and Idiospermum. The plants of Calycanthaceae are popular ornamental shrubs and used as foods and medicines, which are mainly distributed in China, North America, and Australia. The plants of Calycanthaceae are rich in volatile components, alkaloids, sesquiterpenes and coumarins. Dimeric piperidinoquinoline and dimeric pyrrolidinoindoline alkaloids, dimeric and/or trimeric coumarins are characteristic compositions in these plants. In order to provide timely reference for further investigation and development of Calycanthaceae plants, we made a systemic review on non-volatile chemical constituents, i.e. alkaloids, terpenoids, flavonoids, coumarins, and steroids, from Calycanthaceae plants, focusing on their chemical structures and pharmacological activities.
keywords:Calycanthaceae family  non-volatile constituents  chemical structure  pharmacological activity
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